Inception (2010) - Arthur x Eames / "After a while, even the falling is gentle.“ -Catherynne M. Valente, The Labyrinth
To become a midshipman at all, the way could be very long and thorny at times and many hurdles had to be overcome. One of these hurdles was to find a supporter. This supporter had to help a young man to get an apprenticeship on a ship. In the beginning it didn’t matter what kind of skills he had, how he applied or if he had passed an aptitude test. They only needed someone who was authorized to fill such an apprenticeship and they could take whoever they wanted. This led to the so-called protection system. This meant that you could get advantages in every possible way as long as you returned the favor. And so it could be that a rich man who found that his son should go to sea, gave the captain a large sum of money, and then took the boy in. This unfortunately led to the fact that many supposed talents found their way onto a ship, while true talents first tried their hand on a trading ship. But there was also the so-called Kings letter. This was a specific letter issued by the admiralty that forced the captain to take the boy in. But this happened very rarely.
A Portrait of a Midshipman, by Sir Martin Archer Shee (1769-1850)
If a young gentleman had now made it and found an apprenticeship, he was between 11 (later it was raised to 12) and 16 years old. There he started as Captains Servant - from 1794 it became the Volunteer first class. But not without his parents or a guardian paying for him. Servants were a source of income for the Captain. For example, the young man had to pay an annual fee, an extra allowance and pocket money, and his parents had to pay for his uniform etc. In addition there was a supply subsidy which had to be paid for 30 to 40 pounds for boys under 15 years and 70 to 100 for boys from 15 years on. 2- 3 years after learning the basics a servant was allowed to call himself a midshipman after confirmation of the captain.
Midshipman Blockhead, Fitting out Mastr Willm Blockhead HM Ship Hellfire West India Station, by Captain Frederick Marryat, 1820
Since 1678 it was necessary for a midshipman to take an exam to become a lieutenant. This meant that a good education was necessary to achieve this, which often led to midshipmanship during their service, which was 6 years on board and two of them as midshipmen were constantly busy learning and often changing ships to gain more experience. But more about this later.
Influenced by the three great naval academies in France, the Naval College at Portmouth was finally opened in 1733. It was intended to provide the young men with a sound basic education and thus make Servant service superfluous. Unfortunately only with moderate success. Although the academy also taught: writing, arithmetic, drawing, navigation, gunnery, fortification, other useful parts of the mathematics, French, dancing,, fencing and the exercise of the firelocks. However, many of them relied on the old system and the academy only took in 40 students per year, although there was capacity for more, so it closed its doors again in 1837. In the second half of the 18th century, second college opend in Gosport and since 1873 was it the Royal Naval College in Greenwich.
The Royal Navy College in Greenwich
On board the older officers and the captain took over the teaching. If the ship was large enough, there was also a schoolmaster from 1702. If there was not a chaplain, he took over the general education while the nautical instruction remained with the officers.
As already mentioned, a mudshipman had to pass an exam to continue as a lieutenant. This meant that he had to have been at sea for at least 6 years. Unfortunately, there were cases where a boy was entered in the ship’s logbooks at baby age to give him a better career and early payment. Of course it was forbidden but most of them were relatives of each other and knew what was going on but nothing was done about it. The exam itself was taken in Lodon, later also in other large home ports and overseas on the orders of an admiral present there, but if he was not there the gentlemen had to wait until he was present again. Because only he was allowed to choose three captains who took the examination. At this time the pentecostal had to be at least 20, from 1806 on 19 was enough. In 1790 a catalogue of 30 questions was compiled, but here too, nepotism was a factor, because if the uncle, cousin or old family friend was sitting there, then it was often a very simple, almost ridiculous question. But if the examinee did not have this favour then he had to expect all kinds of questions.
Midshipmen studying for their Lieutenant’s examination aboard HMS Pallas. Sketch by Lt. Gabriel Bray, 1774
So it is quite astonishing that even useful officers came out. But since every failure is down to the officer (usually a lieutenant who had at least one midshipman under his protection) and the captain, they wanted their protégés to learn something useful. Therefore they were given tasks early on, such as hoisting signals, commanding a boat and the older ones even got the command of a small prize. This usually meant a lot of practice and knowledge.
Beside the boys also deserving sailors could earn themselves the post of a Midshipmen, so that it was possible to have children in the age of 11, and adult men in their 40s. This was also possible if the midshipman did not pass the exam or there was no job for him. Because not everyone who passed the exam was a lieutenant promoted. Then he had not passed the gentleman’s examination and was therefore only a passed midshipman waiting for a job. From 1804 this was called sublieutenant.
Life on board
The boys were accommodated in the very narrow midhipmen berth. And the oldest midshipman was in command of his comrades in theBerth, which often led to mobbing and group formation. The very young were mothered a little by the Gunner and his wife - the only one legally on board.
‘Master B finding things not exactly what he expected’, the midshipman arrives on board ship; study for an illustration to ‘The Life of a Midshipman’ by Captain Frederick Marryat, 1820
The boys were punished by other officers but never by the crew. Most of the time they were mastheaded, tied in the shrouds or put over the cannon to be spanked with a cane. The food was the same as the crew, but sometimes the captain, when eating with his lieutenants, would give the excess food to the boys. All in all this time was not very easy, but at the same time it was a great adventure. So that many had only good things to report, when they came across a good captain with capable officers.
Blackpool Sacred Heart Church Nave by michael_d_beckwith Website : www.michaeldbeckwith.com
Email : email@example.com
I have released this photograph as a Public Domain photograph.
Here is a photograph taken from the nave inside Sacred Heart Church. Located in Blackpool, Lancashire. England, UK.
Feel to contact me via private message or email. https://flic.kr/p/2iYVQvZ
B&W photo with colored Barbican: The Fortyfikacje staromiejskie (fortification wall and gate) of the Old Town from the wall on the north side, Warsaw, Poland. 135-Edit-2c by Yasu Torigoe The Warsaw Barbican (Polish: barbakan warszawski) is a barbican (semicircular fortified outpost) in Warsaw, Poland, and one of few remaining relics of the complex network of historic fortifications that once encircled Warsaw. Located between the Old and New Towns, it is a major tourist attraction.
The barbican was erected in 1540 in place of an older gate to protect Nowomiejska Street. It was designed by Jan Baptist the Venetian, an Italian Renaissance architect who lived and worked in the Mazowsze region of 16th century Poland and was instrumental in the redesign of the 14th-century city walls, which by that time had fallen into disrepair. The barbican had the form of a three-level semicircular bastion manned by fusiliers. It was 14 meters wide and 15 meters high from the bottom of the moat, which surrounded the city walls, and extended 30 meters from the external walls.
Almost immediately after its inception, the 4-tower barbican became an anachronism serving virtually no practical purpose. This was largely a result of the rapid advancement in artillery power. It was used in the defense of the city only once, during the Swedish invasion of Poland, on 30 June 1656, when it had to be recaptured by the Polish army of Polish king John II Casimir from the Swedes.
In the 18th century, the barbican was partially dismantled as its defensive value was negligible, and the city benefited more from a larger gate which facilitated movement of people and goods in and out of the city. In the 19th century, its remains were incorporated into newly built apartment buildings (kamienica). During the interwar period, in 1937–1938, Jan Zachwatowicz reconstructed part of the walls and the western part of the bridge, demolishing one of the newer buildings in the reconstruction process. However, a lack of funds delayed the barbican’s planned complete reconstruction, and the 1939 invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany put the plans on hold.
During World War II, particularly the Siege of Warsaw (1939) and the Warsaw Uprising of 1944, the barbican was largely destroyed, as were most of the Old Town’s buildings. It was rebuilt after the war, during 1952–1954, on the basis of 17th-century etchings, as the new government decided it would be cheaper to rebuild the barbican and the nearby city walls as a tourist attraction than to rebuild the tenements. In its reconstruction, bricks were used from historic buildings demolished in the cities of Nysa and Wrocław; most of the barbican was rebuilt, save for two exterior gates and the oldest tower on the side of the Old Town. It is currently a popular tourist attraction. (Wikipedia)
I’m a huge fan of yours
(requested by Anonymous)
For context: In that production of King Lear by the Royal Shakespeare Company, Sir Ian McKellen, playing the titular character in a scene where Lear has essentially gone round the bend, strips completely naked right there on stage. New York critic Michael Portantiere, noted in his review, “Special note for those who care about such things: In a brief nude scene, McKellen amply demonstrates the truth of Lear’s statement that he is ‘every inch a king’.”
Why are they doing this?
#these 2 spent a whole movie and a half almost shaking with the exhertion of NOT being tender with each other#just running full-tilt arms pinwheeling away from the concept of tender#maybe (probably) becuase they wanted to so much to be soft#but knew that a) that’s terrifying and b) they deal with terrifying by yelling and running around#so obviously the moment they actually commit to vulnerability they go on the tender scale from zero to 50000 in a minute#there’s no interim period#it’s gentle forehead kisses like IMMEDIATELY#for the both of them#he literally kisses her forehead like 2 scene before this#and she’s like ‘oh this is our thing now’ and is all over it#leia ‘i’m not a big or little spoon i’m a knife’ organa#and han ‘feelings are stupid i’ve never had one i swear ask anyone’ solo#have been DYING to do forehead kisses for like 20 years each#so the moment they get the opportunity#it’s hand-holding a-go-go for these two#(idiots) (via @harrietvane)
Ice Tunnel by Marsel van Oosten In South Africa, we’re currently in lockdown level 4, one down from level 5, the strictest one. We have a bit more freedom now, but we’re still very limited as to what we can do.
As annoying as this may be, though, it’s not all bad. Or as the great Dutch football legend Johan Cruijff used to say: “Every disadvantage has its advantage”.
The biggest advantage of this rather surreal situation is that I suddenly have time to work my way through old folders hiding deep in the abyss of my Lightroom image library. Many of those folders I have never even had the time to look through before, so it’s good fun to do that now.
This image is from one of my visits to Iceland in 2015. It was just the two of us, and instead of going to one of the ice caves that all the tour groups go to, we decided to look for one that we had visited a few years earlier.
We found it again and had the entire cave to ourselves. Obviously, the shape of the cave had completely changed over time, which made it even more interesting.
I love these places as I love architecture, and Mother Nature surely is the finest architect of all.
Marsel | squiver.com https://flic.kr/p/2j4qJiw
Behind the scenes of THE EMPIRE STRIKES BACK (1980).
This post came about because I happened to spot a 1980 documentary on the making of the film on YouTube. I much prefer contemporary Star Wars making-of documentaries to modern ones, which are often so glib and self-mythologizing—so overly aware of the cinematic weight of the saga.
Falconer with Two Ladies, a Page, and a Foot Soldier, Metropolitan Museum of Art: Medieval Art
Bequest of Harriet H. Jonas, 1974 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Medium: Wool warp; wool and silk wefts
Facts About The Master(s) That I Just…Can’t Be The Only One Who Remembers.
- delgado!master enjoys watching The Clangers.
- if you, like me, are not british - the clangers is a animated children’s show about pink knitted mouse-anteater things in space who speak by whistling and eat soup from a soup dragon
- a soup. dragon.
- but simm!master does him one better.
- simm!master watches the teletubbies.
- they all make the most fantastic tea.
- wears exclusively black
- but then missy is like “fuck that, let’s get some color, by wearing slightly lighter but still very dark shades of purple.”
- i mean - she works it though.
- the only human he views as equal is the brigadier
- the man is such a stickler for correct grammar that he kills 1/10 of humanity to show the definition of decimate.
- has hypnotic eyes amplified when he says “i am the master, and you will obey me.”
- duh, he kills ppl by shrinking them but the guy just…cleans up like a kid putting stuff under the bed.
- he puts one guy in his own lunchbox
- and another in matchbox
- and many on the floor
- my man - whose name is the master - said, “you know what my alias is gonna be today? Colonel Masters. Mr. Magister. Tremas. Estram. Dr. Harcourt De'ath. Mr. Razor.”
- but then he names himself “o” just to see the doctor go “oooohhhhhh”
- has a daughter.
- his favorite book is hg wells’ “war of the worlds”
- he’s a chess grandmaster
- forget space travel and war and shit - delgado and the third doctor fenced each other on the regular.
- only messes with earth bc it’s the doctor’s favorite.
- adores chaos and war but took one look at the time war and said “yeet” (which is more about the time war but still)
- looked into the unbridled, traumatizing, time vortex at the age of eight.
- eight years old.
- ainley!master accidentally killed ¼ of the universe out of sheer clumsiness (it got better).
- loves cats. the ultimate cat person.
- straight up became half-cheetah.
- unironically dressed like the terminator
- once regenerated into a snake.
- not like, a snake humanoid. a snake.
- simm!master has lightning powers and insatiable hunger (especially for jelly babies) and abuses his wife.
- his real name is koschei, after the immortal russian folk character.
- used to literally frolic in the meadows with the doctor.
- learned how to drive from the doctor
- smokes cigars
It’s so fucking infuriatingly frustrating that so many of ao3′s userbase is so adamant that ao3 is nonprofit even though it’s owned by a corporation so that shit is a fucking lie in of itself, like. They invest in stocks and constantly people try and push this stupid as fuck idea that there’s no ads!! :)) it’s free!! when it’s been in beta for literal fucking years with one of the worst filtration and blocking systems I’ve seen to date and rampant disgusting nsfw that’s unregulated and crops up to previews for themes anyways so why do we constantly have to have mile long posts defending such a fundamentally bad website from it’s core instead of actually thinking critically for once I fucking hate all of you.
Normally I ignore this stuff, but the insinuation that AO3 is secretly some manipulative scheme to enrich people is just blatantly false.
so many of ao3′s userbase is so adamant that ao3 is nonprofit
Yeah because it is. Look up the Organization for Transformative Works in the IRS database of tax exempt organizations, or GuideStar’s non-profit report listing. EIN 38-3765024, BRIDGE Number 5584273916.
Let’s check out their Form 990 and see how much they paid their staffers:
And it’s a whooping $0.00.
They invest in stocks
Oh heaven forbid. It’s pretty standard for any moderately-sized nonprofit to make conservative investments, so that their reserves do more than simply accrue interest in a bank account. Nobody is taking a vacation to Comoros on that money.
“Once nonprofits get larger, however, some are able to start thinking for the future. Taking money and putting it toward longer-term goals like capital spending or a permanent endowment requires prudent investment. In order to take initial seed money and grow it into a substantial nest egg for use toward those longer-term charitable purposes, nonprofits are allowed to invest in stocks, bonds, funds, and other typical investments.”
it’s owned by a corporation
Yes, AO3 is part of the Organization for Transformative Works, which is indeed incorporated. Again, pretty standard for a charity. Let’s review the OTW’s Certificate of Incorporation:
it’s been in beta for literal fucking years
Finally… who cares? Gmail was in beta for five years, and that was with all the resources of Google behind it and 100 million people already using it.
“the label is just a way for Google to signal users that they’re still tweaking the e-mail service and adding new features”
Same thing for AO3. The reason AO3 is in beta is because it doesn’t have a finalized codebase and it’s too unstable to make an API out of. They could put out a post tomorrow saying ‘we’re out of beta’ and nobody would bat an eye. The website isn’t perfect, but it’s more than functional. And yes, there are a lot of features that can’t be added without overtaxing the existing hardware resources, so why not try a GreasyFork userscript?
tl;dr - I have to write this every year, but AO3 is still not a scam. It is a non-profit. None of the staffers even get paid. It exists solely for a charitable purpose, a purpose which has been acknowledged and validated by the Internal Revenue Service.