中国和苏联关系恶化的原因是，都有强势的领导人，大家的价值观不一样。对社会主义核心价值观理解不一样。 Relations between China and the Soviet Union deteriorated because they both had strong leaders who didn’t share the same values. They have different understandings of core socialist values.
斯大林、赫鲁晓夫等苏联领导人经常对中国事务采取指手画脚的态度。早在革命战争时期，斯大林操纵的第三国际曾经多次给中国共产党错误指示，险些让共产党毁灭。解放后赫鲁晓夫多次提出与中国共建一支海军、建立长波电台事情，被毛主席拒绝，不久苏联同中国在意识形态上就分化了，双方先是论战，谁也说服不了谁，最后苏联终于下决定撤走了所有苏联驻华专家以及一切援助。 Stalin, Khrushchev and other Soviet leaders often took a finger-pointing attitude towards China’s affairs. As early as during the Revolutionary War, the Third International, which was controlled by Stalin, gave incorrect instructions to the Communist Party of China many times, which almost led to the Communist Party’s destruction. After liberation, Khrushchev repeatedly proposed to build a navy and establish a long-wave radio station with China, which was rejected by Chairman Mao. Soon, the Soviet Union and China became ideologically divided. At first, the two sides debated, but no one could persuade anyone.
After China’s Cultural Revolution began in 1966, China and the Soviet Union did not sever diplomatic ties, but relations were completely frozen, with the exception of China allowing the Soviet Union to ship supplies through China to North Vietnam during the Vietnam War. In 1967 Red guards storm the Soviet Embassy in Beijing.
In 1968, the Soviet Union sent more troops to nearby Xinjiang. In 1961, the Soviet Union had 12 undermanned divisions and 200 aircraft there, rising to 25 divisions, 1,200 aircraft, and 200 missiles in 1968. At the same time, the Soviet Union and Mongolia reached an agreement, for the Soviet army to help Mongolia’s southern border, and stationed troops there.
In August 1968, when Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia to crush the Prague Spring, China called the Soviet Union “social imperialism.” China moved a large number of troops from the south to the northeast, north and northwest during the Vietnam War.
In September 1969, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union Kosygin attended the funeral of Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh after passing through Beijing, had secret meetings with Zhou Enlai. Then the situation eased.
1971 Secretary of State Henry Alfred Kissinger made a secret trip to China, paving the way for Nixon’s visit to China in 1972. After the Soviet Union knew, it also held a summit with Nixon, forming a triangle between China, the United States and the Soviet Union.
1. Because the Soviet Union’s attitude towards China was based on the Cold War mentality, it hoped to train China to be a junior partner of the socialist camp against the United States, just like the relationship between Japan and South Korea and the United States. China does not want a cold war.
2. In the late 1950s, the Soviet Union proposed the establishment of a jointly managed radio station in China, allowing Soviet ships to enter and leave Chinese ports without conditions, and the establishment of a joint fleet between China and the Soviet Union. In fact, the Soviet Union wanted to keep troops in China, which was unacceptable to China.
3. China won the Korean War, the possibility of the United States threatening China in East Asia has become almost impossible, China itself has been basically out of the military confrontation with the United States. If we build a joint fleet with the Soviet Union, we will get back into the Cold War and start confrontation with the US.
4. The deterioration of Sino-Soviet relations allowed China to become a third power in the gap between the US and the Soviet Union. Both the US and the Soviet Union would pay attention to where China was going in the future and try to woo China. The development of Sino-US relations in the 1970s was also based on the deterioration of Sino-Soviet relations.
5. In the late 1950s, Khrushchev’s personal ruling style was not recognized by Chinese leaders. Especially when Khrushchev came to power, he started scolding Stalin from beginning to end. For his part, Stalin did make mistakes at home, but he did a lot to help China’s early revolution. So Khrushchev was not recognized by the older generation of Chinese leaders.
#‘it wasn’t imperialism’ we literally don’t care wat u call it. china will b run by chinese. we will determine our own fate. not white ppl 😂 #ussr#china#us#vietnam#history #putting a dent in the language barrier #chinese social media
“History demonstrates that, overall, Soviet foreign policy has been basically defensive and non-aggressive. This fact does not mean that everything the Soviet Union does is correct or that it cannot make serious mistakes or pursue wrong lines. For example, its relations with China and other socialist countries have been marked at times by chauvinism and hegemonism. But these problems do not make the Soviet Union a social imperialist power.
Without a monopoly capitalist class and without capitalist relations of production there is no fundamental and compelling logic in the Soviet economy that creates a need to export capital and exploit other countries through trade. As a result it also has no colonies and no empire to sustain.”
— Harry Haywood, China and its Supporters Were Wrong About USSR, 1984
#it doesn’t matter wat u call it. the ussr as well as vietnam were eating at china’s borders. we defended ourselves that is all #china is not narrow-minded like westerners. we understand y they did wat they did (in the name of socialism) but our sovereignty is ours #also chinese r taught 2 diffentiate bet 苏联 soviet union n 苏修 soviet revisionist or as u say ‘imperialist’. the fact is if they succeeded in #taking china only 2 then collapse where would china n the chinese ppl b rn? just don’t even think of touching other countries’ sovereignty #that is the v basis of everything chinese bliv in. no use re-opening old wounds. russians r white 2 u kno. will never understand imperialism #imagine defending the ghost of a socialist nation against so-called accusations of another socialist nation instead of the imperialists’ 😅 #china’s not the 1 dissing the ussr ok? 😂 ussr is only country in OUR 5000-YR LONG HISTORY we remember fondly as 大哥 even if it ended badly #there’s no one else. the ussr was singular in that way #history#china#ussr
#australians n westerners think we’re gna come ‘invade’ them as if we not busy planning the course of china’s socialist devt 4 next 100 yrs #unlike ur politicians twiddling fingers coming up w excuses all day 4 their own failures n drumming up fear 2 get ur votes in next elections #so they get 2 continue 2 get rich off being the middlemen in siphoning ur tax money in2 the pockets of ur rich elite... n ppl eat this 💩 up #wat else is there 2 say. ‘our truth lies in silos deep in mountains and submarines in the corner of the ocean.’ n cn has gone 2 war w au b4 #notice imperialists always think spatially ‘the bigger / more the better’ but china thinks in time ‘in x amt of time we’ll achieve so-n-so’
I would love to study ‘fandom ideology’. As someone who has been around here like a decade there is this particular soup of some 'socially liberal’ beliefs, pro-military/pro-imperialism, general contentment with the status quo, the brain sludge of high school history classes, stirred together thoroughly. You may say “Tumblr user Pregnant Seinfeld, doesn’t this describe tons of liberals?” oh yeah yes yes yes for sure, but the key that I think makes this worthy of discussion isn’t the ingredients but the 'why’. Because this isn’t just getting brain worms from watching too many movies funded through the US department of defense (though that plays some part). What you observe over years, and across different 'fandoms’, is that it may very well be the other way around! This isn’t getting ideology from TV as much as it is coming up with an ideology that is best suited for a media consumption centered identity! A politics that built for Netflix and shipping?! THAT is something that I’m curious about!
The thing that fucks me up about North American city planning is not just that it’s ugly or that it sucks, but the knowledge of what it took to seize the land and seize the money to build it in the first place. The US enslaved millions, committed genocide against an entire continent to take the land from people who had lived there for millennia, committed coups and invaded nations on every other continent, destabilizing governments and fanning the flames of war and destruction worldwide, threatened to engulf the globe and nuclear hellfire and boil the oceans, all in the name of profit. And after all of that, it was for this?
All of that blood spilled for strip malls and cookie cutter suburbs, entire belts of the country of which are now empty and rotting because everybody left? So much unspeakable violence to halt anyone from challenging the shape of society and the hierarchy of domination, and of all things it was done in the name of, it was this? A way of living that people aren’t even happy with? So many cultures and languages, thousands of years of history passed from one generation to another, were uprooted and tried to extinguish, for shopping malls that didn’t last even a single lifetime? There is nothing that would have been worth what imperialism has done to the world, but it’s spaces like these which, to me, are even more emblematic of the structural myopic selfishness of capitalism that spurred on all of that violence than the tacky opulence of any billionaire.
Even at home, that these endless suburbs were built for white Americans fleeing from having to share cities with non-white neighbors. All the billions of tax dollars spent to employ white supremacist cops to surveil, harass, kill, cram into overcrowded prisons and immigrant concentration camps, so many countless people of color, spurred on by racist fear that they might somehow threaten this.
All of that to create and maintain a society of alienated and isolated would-be monarchs living in flimsy little plywood and plaster castles filled with an endless stream of toys that will be shortly forgotten and thrown away, surrounded by miles and miles of empty featureless places which only exist to give them warehouse sized concrete boxes full of collections of shelves from which to select from ten dozen nearly identical types of bland home goods to spend their money on.
Make no mistake, no individual or even large group of individuals in the suburbs caused this on their own. It is not the vague specter of consumerism or personal spending habits that created this. It is the product of the way our whole society was built and shaped by capitalist white supremacy. The same fundamental logic is true of Europe and every other imperialist project, too, even if it hides it better behind a prettier facade or a better set of social welfare options. This is just the naked face of it laid stark and bare.
#and don’t forget about the people we’ve populated them with#the psychotic white settlers who will protest to go to olive garden during a pandemic#who won’t wear a mask to protect their neighbors#who spy on their petty little fiefdoms itching to call the cops on the first person who doesn’t fit in
“Leninism is Marxism of the era of imperialism and the proletarian revolution. To be more exact, Leninism is the theory and tactics of the proletarian revolution in general, the theory and tactics of the dictatorship of the proletariat in particular. Marx and Engels pursued their activities in the pre-revolutionary period, (we have the proletarian revolution in mind), when developed imperialism did not yet exist, in the period of the proletarians’ preparation for revolution, in the period when the proletarian revolution was not yet an immediate practical inevitability. But Lenin, the disciple of Marx and Engels, pursued his activities in the period of developed imperialism, in the period of the unfolding proletarian revolution, when the proletarian revolution had already triumphed in one country, had smashed bourgeois democracy and had ushered in the era of proletarian democracy, the era of the Soviets.
That is why Leninism is the further development of Marxism.”
#guest: ok last thing let me talk abt how taiwanese keep defending japan saying japan built taiwan’s infrastructure — *connection cuts off* #host: omg he-laoshi? he-laoshi? u right it looks like he-laoshi was democracied... ok he-laoshi has been democracied should we end it here #‘he was democracied rite after he mentioned japan omg how awkward’ #😂😂😂😂😂#被民主掉了
#a few points: the dpp / kmt don’t hav 2 govern taiwan well cos they can always use the cpc as a boogeyman (just like the us does) #they can just say ‘i will protect u fr the communists’ n the taiwanese will vote cos they’re scared n they dunno shit. the dpp always #fearmongers by saying ‘the cpc has its claws on taiwan they’re already inside taiwan’ but as guest rightly said ‘the cpc actually has no #way of reaching the taiwanese masses inside taiwan. the only way is thru taiwanese who visit the mainland. the cpc is not controlling #taiwan cos if the cpc were in charge of taiwan then we wouldn’t b having this convo n taiwan would already hav a socialist system lol’ #the mainland could v well make taiwan poor (like us is doing 2 cuba) 2 force the ppl out of desperation but instead we’re ‘courting’ taiwan #yet the local govt in taiwan continues 2 portray the cpc as the boogeyman cos they need votes. china is developing the area around the #straits (along hainan coast. hk recently joined) n if taiwan doesn’t join soon they will miss the economic boom. most taiwanese r aware #reunification is inevitable. ‘reunification is easy. the governing that will follow after is hard’ yes there r so many things that need 2 b #fixed (but who wants 2 bet the central govt has a blueprint ready) last thing. mainlanders should not assume that taiwanese ppl r like #taiwanese politicians / agree w the politicians. mainlanders always assume this cos in the mainland the people r actually 1 w their govt #every1 just wants 2 lead a reasonably comfortable life w room 4 upward social mobility. anyway eyeopening that last 1.
#i’m listening 2 a livestream bet a pro- and anti- reunification taiwanese (the anti- just wants economic benefits n none of the social #responsibility. in other words — v much unlike ur average chinese but v much like ur average chinese businessman) anyway i read this on the #chat: if the us goes 2 war w china the us will lose. so if taiwan wants 2 go 2 war w the mainland they need 2 defeat the us 1st asdfsdgdj;sh #😂😂😂😂😂
The Yinhe incident occurred on July 23, 1993, when the United States alleged that the Yinhe, a Chinese cargofreighter, was carrying materials for chemical weapons to Iran, citing what it called intelligence reports it had received, and threatened to impose sanctions on China. The Yinhe was intercepted and detained by the U.S. Navy in the international waters of the Indian Ocean for three weeks.
The Chinese government immediately raised serious concerns with the United State over its brazen and brutal act. In order to dispel any possible misgivings on the part of some members of the international community, however, the Chinese government ultimately exercised self-restraint in agreeing to a request by the U.S. government for an inspection of the vessel. Completed on September 4, the inspection did not find any materials for chemical weapons on board the ship, which had been forced to suspend its scheduled voyage for 33 days.
The Yinhe incident was a display of American hegemonism and power politics. It caused significant political and economic damage to China. In response, the Chinese government demanded a public apology and compensation for all economic losses incurred. The U.S. government however refused to apologize, resulting in seriously strained Sino-US relations.
On September 20, a young girl in Jingzhou, due to family conflict, sat by the roadside crying with a kitchen knife in hand.
Seeing that the girl was very emotional, Police Little Sister bought milk tea for her, patiently sat and chatted with her. After the girl’s mood calmed, the police then used her hands to exchange the milk tea for the girl’s kitchen knife, and defused the danger.
Male police: Little Sister, do you want to have a sip of milk tea first? If you have any troubles, you can tell Big Sister.
Female police: That’s right! If you have any troubles, tell me. They all made you angry, right? There are so many people out there who love you, right? There’s nothing to be sad about, isn’t there?
Girl: Nobody likes me.
Male police: You are so beautiful, how is it possible that nobody likes you?
Female police: I’ll have you know, there are so many people who like you so much. Let’s trade, all right? I will help you sort things out, we’ll go to your house and help you sort things out.
Male police: Have a sip, try it!
#look at ur police. then look at our police. then look at ur police again. realize these 2 things hav NOTHING in common 😄 #think abt that the next time u come across any western msm report of ‘police brutality’ in china #🌹 chinese police 🌹 #slice-of-life in china #video
#imagine the descendants of victims of the holocaust forgetting wat hitler did n laughing after failing 2 recognize his picture 😄? #taiwan#china#bilibili #a thousand chen weihuas #putting a dent in the language barrier #revisionist history
The reason for Taiwan’s 5.2% high COVID-19 fatality rate is exposed! Renowned doctor’s analysis: decrease in fatality rate not necessarily better (2021.09.26.)
The high fatality rate of COVID-19 in Taiwan is often discussed and analyzed by people from all walks of life. The reason may be that the initial infected people are elderly with multiple chronic comorbidities, coupled with sudden overcapacity of medical services, or Taiwan’s unconcerned reaction to the COVID-19-related deaths. Chen Zhijin, an ICU doctor, poses a question, “Ever wonder if it’s because we’re too controlling it too well?“
Chen Zhijin points out that however, there are still some people constantly criticizing Taiwan’s high fatality rate, claiming the epidemic prevention policy has not been done well, that’s why these people can not experience the hard-won "epidemic calm” we have right now. Discussion and analysis are very many, but he couldn’t help but wonder, “Is there a possibility that this "high fatality rate ” only happened because we got it under control too fast?“
He also expressed that if we lost control of the epidemic, the number of confirmed cases will surely skyrocket and the accompanying death toll will also increase, however, the massive spread will cause a large number of mild and asymptomatic cases, so that the death rate will be much reduced. Surely such a drop in "fatality rate” is not what we want? So why care so much that the “fatality rate” isn’t going down?
#😂😂😂😂😂 #i... we can always wait until these ppl make themselves extinct n then we can hav peaceful reunification #china#taiwan#coronavirus #putting a dent in the language barrier
“There’s a legend about a Chinese painter who was asked by the emperor to paint a landscape so pristine that the emperor can enter it. He didn’t do a good job, so the emperor was preparing to assassinate him. But because it was his painting, legend goes, he stepped inside and vanished, saving himself. I always loved that little allegory as an artist. Even when it is not enough for others, if it is enough for you, you can live inside it.”
The teachers and students of the Puppet Manchukuo were witnesses to the Japanese and Puppet authorities’ enslavement education. Li Shuqing, who once studied at the No. 1 Middle School in Jilin Province, said: “At that time, I was influenced by the Japanese enslavement education. Great God, General Nogi, Marshal Togo, Hideyoshi Toyotomi, Nakasa Hirose, and other ‘Japanese heroes’.”
Books in those days never mentioned the word “invasion”, only praising the Japanese Empire, and devaluing the Chinese identity
Take the Puppet Manchukuo in the Northeast as an example. After the September 18th Incident, under the wing of Japanese imperialism, a small group of scum of the Chinese nation established the so-called “Manchukuo.” For its so-called political legitimacy, independence is emphasized everywhere, it split from China, even language and history.
In the memories of the old people in Northeast China, the enslavement education of the Japanese invaders and their Puppet Manchukuo rungs is like this:
“The Japanese Puppet called the people of Northeast China 'Manchurians’ and stipulated that Japanese and Chinese were the 'national languages’ of 'Manchuria’. The main content was classical and vernacular. Vernacular writings accounted for the majority, most of which were articles by unknown authors. Japanese authors preached the history of Japan. The biographies and stories of the Emperor, the generals, samurai, and fascist soldiers, such as General Nogi, Osaku Sakuma, etc. There are also articles by Zeng Guofan. In addition, there are also a few articles by Lu Xun and Zhu Ziqing, these essays are all deliberately selected or taken out of context, misinterpreting the original meaning in the lecture, instilling the idea that heroes created this situation and was used as a tool for the ruling class to tame the people.”
“There are eight volumes of language documents in the four grades of elementary and junior high school. For example: the first lesson of the fourth volume is "National Anthem”, what is “The New Manchuria in the world”. The first lesson of the fifth volume is “Early Morning on the Founding of the People’s Republic” It is about the founding day of the Puppet Manchukuo on March 1. The first lesson of the sixth volume is “The Capital — Shinkyo”. The first lesson of the seventh volume is “The Daily Life of the Qing Taizu”. The first lesson of the eighth volume is “The Song of Harmony Between Nations”, which talks about the “Japanese and Manchurian Harmony” and “One Mind and One Heart”. The content of the first few sentences: “The world is long and the world is forever. Father heaven and mother earth, human beings are the same.” I was young at that time, I don’t know what political issues are. Because of this education, I only know that there is a “Manchukuo” in my mind. The “Manchukuo” relies on the “Japanese friendship”, which was later called the “Great Kindom of the Japanese Empire”.“
"History Textbook” of the Puppet Manchukuo
History class mainly talks about the history of Manchuria and the history of Japan. The so-called “History of Manchuria” was made up by them. The history of the Jurchen tribe was listed out in order to prevent young students from understanding Chinese history. Japanese history is also exaggerated and boasting of Japan. How good is the Yamato nation. It is said that the “Manchukuo” was established under the protection of the god of Amaterasu. It is a part of Japan, and students are not allowed to know the history of China at all.“
"The main talk about the 'Manchukuo’ is the geography of the three northeastern provinces and the geography of Japan. The purpose of dividing Japan into several regions is to promote Japan as a powerful country in the world.”
“The geography class teaches that Japan is a natural industrial country, China is a natural agricultural country and so on.”
To destroy a country first perish its history; another key point is that in this situation Japan is the industrial country, and we are agricultural country dependent on them. In other words, we are the supplier of raw materials and the dumping place of products. This is an arrangement for your destiny!
propaganda poster of the Puppet Manchukuo
In order to cut off the Northeast people from their awareness of their Chinese identity, the Japanese aggressors forced the Northeast people to call themselves “Manchurians” instead of Chinese. If they say that they are Chinese, they are “thought criminals,” beaten severely, then thrown into prison or thrown into the wolfhound pen of the gendarmerie.
But this “thought criminal” can also be held high and put down gently, provided that you “wake up to your senses”. As long as you give up your persistence in the memory of your motherland, you will become obedient, cut off and completely forget the memory of your motherland, and recognize the thief as your father. When this level of piety is reached, you can be released at any time.
The compatriots in the Northeast seem to have changed from the status of “slaves” to the nationals of the Puppet Manchukuo, but is the so-called “independence” under this bayonet any different from the various beautiful words offered to local people by the Soviet revisionists, and the American empire in Afghanistan?
The Japanese invaders (including today’s right wing in Japan) also thought the same thing back then: as time goes by, the people who witnessed the Japanese aggression will eventually pass away, and the students who know nothing about it will be educated to become “new citizens.”
After a few generations, the subjugated slaves will naturally be willing to do this, and even be grateful for this “gift” under the bayonet. Whoever wants to break this, or even liberate the slaves, would have to get angry with their real compatriots and fight against their real compatriots!
For this reason, the Chinese in the Northeast were divided into five levels:
In the first place are the native Japanese, and below are all kinds of Chinese.
The second is a Taiwanese, that is, a Taiwanese Chinese who ceded to the Japanese emperor after the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895; the third is a Korean, that is, a Korean Chinese in the Northeast; the fourth is a “Chinese from Kandong State”, who are the Chinese in Lushun and Dalian that were occupied by the Japanese in the early days after the Russo-Japanese War; the fifth is a “Manchurian”, that is, a Chinese who has a registered permanent residence or a native of China in the Northeast; the sixth is a “Chini” That is, Chinese who come to the Northeast without a local registered permanent residence are mostly from Shandong, Hebei, Henan, and Shanxi.
An old man named Liu Zonggui recalled: “We Chinese live at the bottom.”
It can be seen that the masses of the Northeast who became slaves in the subjugated country must not only recognize that they are citizens of the Puppet Manchukuo, but also recognize that their status in society is basically the lowliest person.
This lowly position will be reflected in many aspects of life. For example, Japanese people can eat rice, while “Manchurians” can only eat “Golden Tower” (Bao Mi Noodle Wotou) and Jianguo Congee (Bao Mi Noodle Congee).
In the northeast, which is rich in rice, people can’t even eat rice?
Nowadays, Northeast rice is the best rice in China. The people all over China like to eat it, and they can afford it, eat it, and eat it happily. But during the time of Puppet Manchukuo, for us Chinese, regardless of whether living inside or outside, a person who ate rice was an “economic criminal” and violated the “laws” of the Japanese and the Puppet Manchurian traitors. A slight offense gets you a beating, for heavy offense it’s hard to say. This is no joke. There is a folk song in Ning'an, Heilongjiang:
“Rice grain white flour "economic criminal”, cause problems for the farm owner. Farmers have no right to eat it; one bite, an “economic criminal”. He is beaten up and electrocuted; if unrepentant, he enters the dog pen. If he lives in a yellow spring, how can he complain? “
In addition, Japanese students can assault Chinese students at will, because Japanese are first-class citizens, and the status of the Puppet-Manchukuo nationals is low, and the lower-level resistance will be punished and can only accept.
Fortunately, you are one level higher than the lower-level compatriots in the customs. You can bully them and eventually develop the "Stockholm Syndrome”.
Pro-Japan propaganda made by the Puppet government of Traitors to the Country
If this is a spiritual murder and condemnation, as well as a physical massacre, this is the “ideological crusade” against the patriots in the education sector in the Northeast.
In the winter of 1936, the Japanese arrested a large number of teachers of the education system in Andong (now Dandong, Liaoning), Fengcheng, Kuandian, Xiuyan, Huanren, Zhuanghe, Tonghua and other places — primary school principals, or teachers of mathematics, physics, chemistry, music, and art. Almost all schools under the jurisdiction of the Puppet-An Dong Province, such as the Provincial Tonghua Normal School, Tonghua County Normal School Affiliated, Girls’ Middle School and Nong Middle School, and An Dong Lin Middle School …
It was completely emptied by the Japanese.
Both men and women, pregnant female teachers, or substitute teachers in their sixties, were all accused of being “thought criminals” as “subverting the kingdom of Manchukuo,” and suffered all the fascist torture. Not counting life and fixed-term imprisonment, in the end, Tongshi former principal Ma Jibei, the then principal Tong Ru, the principal of the girls’ high school Xiu Lu, the principal of the agricultural middle school Yang Peiwu and the county education unit chief Ma Qingchuan were all shot and killed, and dozens of others were tortured to death.
Japanese invaders massacring Chinese civilians in the Northeast
According to the “Central Police Administration Committee” of the Puppet Manchukuo, “Comprehensive Materials on the Arrest of the Anti-Manchuria Anti-Japanese Secret Organization and Salvation Congress in Andong Province” records:
From September 7, 1936 to January 12, 1937, among the 311 persons arrested by the Japanese invaders for being part of “Andong Educational Salvation Congress” in four months, 3 were killed on the spot and 1 committed suicide, 6 were killed after arrest, 53 people were temporarily released due to illness and other reasons, 2 people were unverified, and the remaining 246 people were detained and tried on the charge of “Andong Education and Salvation Congress”.
In fact, the number of patriotic teachers killed is far more than that.
According to the “Questionnaire for Victims of Educators and Their Families During the War of Resistance Against Japan” compiled by the Kuomintang’s Andong Provincial Department of Education in February 1946 after the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, out of 130 arrests made in the “Andong Educational Salvation Congress Massacre” 40 were shot dead, 25 were beaten to death or died in prison due to illness, 4 died after being released from prison, and 48 were sentenced to 15 years to 13 years and 4 months.
The number of people killed and killed is far more than the aggressor confessed.
“I love this five-colored flag, I will protect this five-colored flag; this bright and vivid five-color flag, everyone come protect this five-colored flag!” - Manchukuo Harmony Organization
This is the famous historical “Andong Education Circle Tragedy”.
Among the victims, the worst was Deng Shiren, director of the Education Bureau of Tonghua County. The Japanese and traitors used leather whips, poured cold water, petrol, hung up and beat him, and his fingernails were pulled out until he died of torture, and his dead body was discarded on the mountains to feed the wolfhounds.
After Deng Shiren was killed, the Japanese aggressors tried to cover up the truth and went around saying that he had run away. The Japanese military police also pretended not to know his whereabouts, and went to Deng Shiren’s house for three days in a row to find someone, and asked them to surrender when he returned.
There was also the principal of Andong Lin Middle School, Qin Youde, who was shot and killed. In order to pry open the patriotic teacher’s iron mouth and steel teeth, the Japanese gendarmerie took the principal Qin’s 90-year-old mother, as well as his family, his wife, and his children. They were all arrested in prison, and they poured chili water to the youngest son of Principal Qin face-to-face and beat their eight-year-old daughter.
This is not the end. The Japanese aggressors and their traitors and lackeys will not “easily” let go of the patriots. After Shan Rongdao, the principal of Andong Chaoyang Primary School, was tortured and killed by the Japanese, his body was transported back to his Andong hometown. The Puppet Manchurian police ordered: no paper burning, no blowing of trumpets, no killing of pigs and set up a table, just carry them out and bury them.
So these people are now dead and buried, is it over?
After the liberation, President Shan’s eldest son, Shan Ximing, complained:
“After the death of my father, we naturally became a family that resisted Manchukuo and opposed Japan. Our whole family lost our freedom. I was his eldest son and was even more bullied.
In 1937, I was in the third grade of a vocational high school, and I was bullied by Japanese teachers. In the physical education class, the Japanese teacher used me as a target in the name of practicing Bushido. When I entered Fengcheng Normal School, I was in labor class during school. The Japanese teacher asked me to pick up the big dung and pour on the tomatoes, but I accidentally got it on the leaves. He forced me to kneel towards the tomatoes and told me to eat the big dung. I would not eat it. He just poured the big dung on my head.
After graduating from Fengcheng Normal School in the winter of 1939, I was sent to Andong County Village Primary School as a teacher for three years. In the past three years, Japanese spies conducted two ‘identity investigations’ on me.
In the winter training camp of 1941, I was late due to snow. A Japanese instructor punished me on my knees in front of the teacher, punched and kicked me, and humiliated me.
the Japanese Empire similarly conducted slavery education in Chinese island of Taiwan
After the death of my father, my mother moved back to her hometown (outskirts of Andong City) with my younger brother and sister. My house is built on lowland and there was a heavy rain. The flood destroyed my house. So my mother led my younger brother and sister to escape from the disaster. The chief Gong Mingzhang pushed Baoding around, cursing, "You are ‘criminals guilty of treason’ and anti-Japanese sinners who are not in your own home. Why are you walking around? Go back to your home!”
Baoding escorted his mother, younger brother, sister, and others back to their old house that was bogged down by the water. When she reached the broken wall, his mother fell down.
“In 1945, Japanese imperialism was driven out of China, and the Communist Party and the Eighth Route Army liberated the Northeast, and my family was finally able to recover.”
In addition to the Andong Education Circle Tragedy, the Japanese invaders also committed a series of massacres against the education sector in Northeast China, such as the Benxi Thought Crime Case, the Jilin Education Tragedy, the Panshi Education Tragedy, the Heishan Normal School incident…
In several surveys and statistics after liberation, it was found that there were as many as 500 patriotic teachers and students who were persecuted, arrested and sacrificed.
”benevolence” of the “Emperor”?
What is the purpose of the Japanese doing this?
It is to attempt to strip the Chinese people, especially Chinese young people, of their national integrity, completely accept enslavement, bow their heads low up to their ears, and be happy to become loyal dogs.
To put it simply, it is to indoctrinate “pro-Japan”!
The Kun Opera singer is depicting Yuji, the concubine of Xiang Yu. He’s the Lord of the State of Chu, one of the warlords that emerged after the collapse of the Qin dynasty. This piece depicts the battle of Gaixia in 202 BC, when Xiang Yu’s troops were surrounded by Liu Bang (the founder of the Han dynasty). Yuji is seen here singing about their predicament, and then she commits suicide as her lord lost the battle and killed himself.
#now u kno y it’s ‘offensive symbol’ lolol i kno westerners don’t care but glad the movie is dead (in china 4 sure cos we don’t eat 💩 here) #there’s an nyt chinese article ‘y u should care abt (flashy banana movie)’ n every1 is like ‘who tf r u 2 dictate wat i should care abt!?’ #racism#hollywood#marvel#western msm#hollywood propaganda
Japanese soldiers humiliating and massacring Chinese civilians
It is said that Japan attaches great importance to education, and it has the so-called “craftsman” spirit.
This is true. The Japanese aggressors realized early on that to destroy a nation, they must destroy the spirit and will of the people. This is true for the Korean nation and even more so for the Chinese nation. Therefore, it was the founder of the Japanese army, known as the “Father of the Imperial Army,” who comprehensively implemented Japan’s policy of aggression against China, sent troops to Shandong, and proposed annexation of China — Yamagata Aritomo, who said:
“If you want to win in a war, you must not be without these two things: the first is armaments, and the second is education.”
Later, this was also verified by Japan’s road map of aggression against China. After the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, it was in Taiwan, and after the September 18th Incident in the Northeast and the Lugouqiao Incident, on all the Chinese territories the Japanese invaded, they started training young people in schools. This important place has become their preferred tool for enslaving the Chinese people, especially the young ones.
Through “education”, children who are in the process of forming their outlook on life and values are indoctrinated with thoughts of fear, admiration, and envy of the Japanese, changing their original concept of nation, and cultivating them into slaves and accomplices of the Japanese invaders.
”Emperor” of the Puppet Manchukuo, Puyi, visiting the Yasukuni Shrine
“This is also our last lesson.”
Qi Hongyi (back) and Yang Zengshi (front) tell of their histories
At about 10 o'clock in the evening on September 18, 1931, at Liutiao Lake in Shenyang, the sound of an ear-piercing explosion cut through the tranquil night sky. A well-planned conspiracy was unveiled. The Japanese Kwantung Army, entrenched in northeastern China, blew up the rails of the Nanman Manchurian Railway. Putting blame on the Chinese army, and using this as an excuse to bombard the Northeast Army’s North Camp, created the September 18th Incident that shocked China and foreign countries, and began to invade Northeast China on a large scale.
News of the September 18th Incident soon reached Teng'ao Fort, Haicheng, 105 kilometers away from Shenyang. In a primary school classroom, Yang Zengzhi was taught a “last lesson” that he will never forget.
That day, Yang Zengzhi came to the school as usual, but the classroom did not have the excitement of the past. It was surprisingly quiet. Before the class started, Teacher Zhao, who taught Chinese, walked in with a serious expression.
During that class, Teacher Zhao did not teach the content of the textbook as originally planned, but spoke of the French novel “The Last Lesson” full of grief and indignation. Tears flickered in his eyes and his voice was choked. “People who have lost their country and become slaves, as long as they remember their own language by heart, are holding a key to open the prison gates.”
When it came to this, Teacher Zhao could no longer control his emotions and cried bitterly. With trembling hands, he wrote the five characters “I am Chinese” on the blackboard and told the students: “Today is also our last lesson. From now on, we are also slaves whose country has fallen.”
After this class, Yang Zengzhi’s school was suspended. It was not until the establishment of the Puppet Manchukuo the following year that the school resumed classes. However, the students never saw Teacher Zhao again. It is generally said that Teacher Zhao joined the group who volunteered in the Anti-Japanese War.
Under the rule of the Japanese and puppet authorities, the school began education to produce slaves. According to Yang Zengzhi’s oral record: “In the beginning, the teacher asked the students to bring ink to blot out all content related to national consciousness and patriotism in the textbooks. Later, all the old textbooks were burned and the school issued new textbooks.”
“The Japanese teacher spoke on the stage,” Japanese and Manchurians are of one heart and one mind", but all we heard and saw was the fall of Taiyuan, Nanjing, and Wuhan… Thousands of Chinese people were killed and displaced. How can we as Chinese students remain indifferent?” Yang Zengzhi’s son, Yang Xueqian, has often listened to his father’s history since he was a child. He told reporters that his father was unwilling to be a slave. After being admitted to the Puppet Manchukuo Jianguo University in 1938, he persisted in the War of Resistance on the university campus.
The ‘last lesson’ left a deep mark on my father’s heart, and my father has never forgotten Teacher Zhao’s teachings.“ Yang Xueqian said that the unyielding spirit of the Chinese nation has always flowed through his father’s mind and blood, and he studied at Jianguo University of Manchukuo. At that time, Yang Zengzhi and his classmates secretly formed the "Jianda University Conference” to resist Manchukuo, printed and distributed leaflets and held speeches to expose the heinous crimes committed by the Japanese aggressors against the Chinese people.
In 1941, Yang Zengzhi was arrested and imprisoned by the Japanese and puppet authorities and tortured, but he never surrendered. He was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1943 and was not released until Japan surrendered in 1945.
Japanese and puppet authorities ban Chinese books; list Japanese as “national language”
As soon as the Puppet Manchukuo was established in 1932, it issued a series of orders to ban original textbooks in China, requiring schools in various places to “abolish textbooks or teaching materials that are contrary to the spirit of the founding of the new nation,” and emphasize that “all courses must not contain xenophobic materials.”
According to incomplete statistics from the Japanese and puppet authorities, from March to July 1932 alone, more than 6.5 million original Chinese textbooks were burned. In fact, what the Japanese and puppet authorities abolished was not just textbooks. Books with a little bit of national consciousness or patriotism, and even Chinese books issued by the Commercial Press and Zhonghua Book Company, were abolished and incinerated.
At the same time, the Japanese and puppet authorities can’t wait to set up a textbook editing department. The editing committee is headed by a Japanese, and the editors are mostly Japanese, and the Japanese gendarmerie is on the spot to monitor. The compiling principles of the textbook are based on the ideological basis of “Japanese-Manchurian Goodwill”, “Kingdom Paradise”, loyalty to “His Majesty the Emperor”, belief in “Great Goddess Amaterasu” and “National Founding Spirit”, and are full of servile colors that worship Japanese militarism.
These textbooks “justified” the reasons for Japan’s invasion of Northeast China, and described the planned and premeditated September 18th Incident by the Japanese Kwantung Army as a sudden incident provoked by the Chinese army, and hypocritically claimed that Japan’s invasion of Northeast China was an “unfortunate accidental conflict”, and the people in the Northeast who were caught under the iron hoof of the Japanese invaders were “naturally saved from abusive politics and given a new life.” The Japanese invaders’ manipulation and the establishment of the Puppet Manchukuo were written as the spontaneous “respect for public opinion” and “return” of the various parts of the Northeast to "the original master", creating “a new country that strives for public security and enables 30 million people to enjoy the greatest happiness.”
The Japanese and puppet authorities listed Japanese as one of the “national languages” and forced students to learn Japanese. Xu Deyuan, who studied at Jilin Second National High School during the period of the Puppet Manchukuo, said: “Since I was in the third grade of elementary school, the school has offered Japanese classes. Those who don’t study will be punished. It takes ten years from elementary school to middle school. We have been taught Japanese by Japanese teachers for a long time. At that time, the employment and entrance examinations were all tested in Japanese, and students had to learn even if they didn’t want to.”
young Xu Deyuan
The Japanese and puppet authorities changed the name of Chinese language to “Manchurian” and used Japanese katakana extensively in “Manchurian” textbooks to create a cross-language in an attempt to gradually replace the Chinese language with Japanese.
According to Qi’s records, the “Manchurian” language textbook was first written in Japanese by the Japanese editor and reviewer Okamura Fuyoshi, and then translated into Chinese by the Chinese editor and reviewer Jin Yunxian, and the illustrations were drawn by the Japanese by Ota Yoai. Such textbooks are not only filled with the poison of “Japanese and Manchurians share one heart and one mind” in content, and even the language is no longer pure Chinese, which demonstrates the sinister intention of the Japanese invaders to promote language colonialism.
“I can still read Japanese books and periodicals, and I can barely speak in Japanese. Learning Japanese in that way in those days made me feel ashamed from time to time. This is the indelible imprint of the enslavement education of the Japanese and puppet authorities on me.” Xu Deyuan recalled.
learn Japanese, learn the “Book of the Emperor’s Subjects”
The reporter learned from some historical materials that Zhang Yaoxian, the textbook editor of the Japanese and puppet authorities, recalled that Kato, the head of the textbook editing and review department of the Japanese and puppet authorities, said to him: “In the future, 'Manchurians’ must gradually replace 'Manchurian’ with Japanese, and only use the same language. In order to truly achieve ‘Japanese and Manchurians have one mind and one heart’. My biggest task is how to use textbooks as soon as possible to enable the young generation to learn Japanese, like Japanese, and give up the interest in learning Manchurian.”
The claws of the Japanese and puppet authorities are pervasive, subtly preaching Japanese militarism and the “founding spirit” of the Puppet Manchukuo to the students. According to data records, Feng Zhiliang, who once studied at the Puppet Manchukuo Army Officer School, said that every time the students were gathered together, students were asked to face the east and worship the Japanese imperial palace. Then he turned to the pseudo-imperial palace to worship and shouted “Long live the emperor.” Every morning for self-study, you must recite the Manchukuo documents such as “Declaration of the Founding of the People’s Republic”, “Edict of Enthronement” and “Edict of Emperor to the People”.
#reading v detailed essay abt wat the japanese did to chinese children in manchukuo haha i knew abt the air raids and the massacres but #never knew they put our children in residential schools as well. oh look new historical scars you never knew existed! brb gonna throw up lol
#remember the last time when i said that my kid’s english training center closed n re-opened as a sort of daycare / kindergarten? #well the central govt is cracking down on those things 2 now (these things always come in waves like the law comes down then the ppl look 4 #loopholes n then the govt adjusts the policy depending on the situation. like it’s v pragmatic n always changing. so it’s not like the law #is ‘useless’. depending on how target industry reshapes itself around new law the govt will keep adjusting until original goal is achieved) #ever since i started paying attn that’s basically how i found everything works wrt the chinese central govt. so we don’t expect perfection #at 1st go. realistically that’s sth u work toward
The Tajik government has taken a somewhat forgiving approach for its citizens who left to join IS in Syria and Iraq.
In 2015, the government announced an amnesty to all non-combatants if they voluntarily return home and repent their actions. That policy led to dozens of Tajiks returning home and resuming normal lives after a brief period of questioning.
Only a handful of militants and recruiters have been put on trial and sentenced to prison upon their return.
Many returnees take part in the Tajik government’s anti-terrorism campaign, warning young people and their parents about the dangers of joining extremist groups.
“Such a stance stems from Tajikistan’s experience in its civil war of the 1990s when some Tajik families and children were left behind in Afghanistan,” Zubaidzoda said. “Several years later, they resurfaced as members of various extremist groups in Afghanistan and the tribal areas of Pakistan.”
“We don’t want this history to repeat itself with IS families,” Zubaidzoda told RFE/RL. “We don’t want to leave anyone behind.”
#interesting way to frame it. #i
wonder if any other countries in the region have similar policies to
reintegrate ppl propagandized by salafism into broader society #‘brief
period of questioning’ ‘warn young people about the group’ ‘only a few
have gone to prison’ 'somewhat forgiving approach’… #i could swear I’ve seen something very similar be framed very differently recently
#‘4 things make up military strength: land - air - sea - rockets. our rocket power ranks 1st in the world. our land power also ranks 1st. #our air power and sea power rank 2nd. that’s 2 1sts n 2 2nds. put it this way. if amerikkka launches 1 missile fr any of their military #bases n it lands on chinese soil? here’s wat will happen. china will immediately destroy all surrounding military bases. for the us that’s #hundreds of trillions of dollars of investment over a period of 70 yrs — gone in the span of a few hours’ - renowned chinese military expert #me (doesn’t kno shit abt modern warfare): 🤯🤯🤯🤯🤯 a country w such a capability exists in this world? legendary. i’d b jealous... wait #bilibili #a thousand chen weihuas