The 23-year period examined herein was marked by a
campaign of the communist regime established in Bulgaria after 1944. The acts, decrees and ordinances adopted at that time brought about radical changes in all spheres of life in the country. The most important among them are:
1.Act on Industry, Bank and Mine Nationalization and Electrification (24.12.1947);
2.Cooperation of Agricultural Lands and Establishment of Agricultural Cooperatives (CLAC);
3.Giving priority to heavy and energy-intensive industries;
4.Adoption of a special Electrical Industry Act in con-nection with the Nationalization Act which came into effect on January 1st 1948. The new act superseded the act issued by the General Directorate of Electrification in Bulgaria as well as the Acts of the Elprom Syndicate, the Water Syndicates, the Acts on construction of the Rositsa and Topolnitsa Dams, and the Act on Heat and Electricity Supply Joint Ventures. On January 1st 1948 the Ministry of Electrification, Waters and Natural Resources was transformed into two ministries: Ministry of Electrification and Amelioration (MEA), and Ministry of Mines and Mineral Resources (MMMR).
5.A Decree of the Council of Ministers of 02.04.1948 led to the establishment of enterprises with the Ministry of Electrification and Amelioration:
Energoobedinenie-a state economic group for electric power generation, transmission and distribution, including the power plants and electrification regions each one as a separate accounting unit.
Elprom-a state economic group encompassing all enterprises in the field of electrical industry.
Energostroy-a state enterprise for erection, upgrading and development of power plants, transmission and distribution networks.
Energohydroproject-state designer s bureau specialized in working out designs for any electrical or ame-lioration projects.
6.Constant administrative changes, including the electrification sector, as well, aiming to appoint politically convenient non-professionals at high posts.
Bulgarian electrical engineers
All these major changes affected, to one extent or another, the development of electrification and, most of all, the nationalization of electrification. At the same time we should not neglect the fact that the Bulgarian electrical engineers welcomed the nationalization of electrification because for many years they had championed this kind of electrification finding it as the only feasible form for its accelerated development.
Five-year plans were worked out for a total development of the Bulgarian economy. In respect to the electrification projects, their terms were always fulfilled on time.