If there was a way to run SUPER MEGA AD BLOCKER on this website I fucking would
“Please oh please open up your computer to a porn virus! If you don’t you’re evil!”
Freeloader Comin’ through!
We didn’t start this war internet users have with ads - We might have moaned about banner ads, but it was only when they started making noises when we might be listening to music or a podcast or whatever, causing two sound sorces at once, that we started trying to block ads universally rather than just a specific type of ad (pop ups).
And since then ads have gotten worse - Actual malware rather than merely breaking one of the fundamental sins of web design - though shalt not autoplay anything with sound. And the more aggressive a website is with ‘please turn off adblock’ the less I trust it to bother to vet ads and advertisers to make sure they’re not installing malware.
Not to mention that the idea that avoiding ads is “freeloading” is hilariously backward. Advertisement is a transaction between the platform and the advertiser, the user has no obligation to provide the views/clicks the platform has promised. Using an adblocker isn’t freeloading in the same way that leaving the room to get a snack during a commercial break isn’t cheating the tv network.
Ok y’all, I work as a web developer and I’m here to tell you that you are 100% right and that it’s shit. SO I’m going to tell you how to get around websites that block you from using their website if you’re using an adblocker.
Oh no! I’m blocked from viewing the website. It would be a terrible shame if I were able to right click and select the “inspect” feature
Click the three dots in the top right and open the “Settings” Menu
Blossom here was also in the lot with the Totsys (meaning the less baity lot) and I did say I wanted to try doing a tutorial for the most basic kinds of clean ups that anyone can easily do for themselves. She seemed a good candidate since she was mostly just dirty.
I am bad with words and tend to overexplain to compensate. If anything in this horribly long tutorial doesn’t make sense, please do not hesitate to ask for clarification.
Also of note is that my cleaning methods are meant to preserve playsafeness for children. There are more intense cleaning and repair methods out there for restoration, but they are not covered, here.
So you have a pony and you want to make it a nicer.
Stage 1: Children can do this, too.
Blossom has been played with a lot and gotten dirty with messy hair.
Get out a comb or brush, a toothbrush just for cleaning, and some dish soap at the sink. You can use body wash or shampoo if you don’t want to touch dish soap for any reason. Whatever common soap you prefer.
My example uses doll brushes. They’re not the best for doll hair, but easily available and probably already in the toy box. If not, grab any old comb.
Gently wash the pony in the sink.
DO NOT submerge a G1 My Little Pony. They have metal washers and crimps holding their tails in that can rust.
Wash the mane and tail with your soap and hands, then give her a good scrub with soap and the toothbrush. You can use a cloth or your hands, but a toothbrush does a better job.
When rinsing, hold the pony so that water runs down the body and then down the tail. Do not point the stream of water at the base of the tail. This will reduce the amount of water that gets inside the body.
Once your pony is all nice and clean, pat her dry and comb or brush her hair. She’ll look like this:
Better! Once she’s dry, she’s ready to play again.
Stage 2: A little more advanced - Adult supervision and assistance required.
If you want an even cleaner pony, try a cleanser like L.A.’s Totally Awesome concentrate. I get it at The Dollar Tree. This cleanser does a great job of cleaning vinyl without damaging factory paint. It is a little harsh on hair, though, so avoid getting it in the hair.
I have not tested any other cleansers. Others could strip the paint off of your pony.
You’ll also need a smooth tined metal comb as metal combs are gentler on plastic hair fibers, the toothbrush again, and a melamine sponge. Magic Eraser is a brand name of melamine sponge, but any will do.
Soap, water, and a toothbrush can only do so much. The following photo is after a second scrubbing with the cleanser and toothbrush. An adult should do this step. WEAR GLOVES. Concentrated cleanser hurts if you get it on your skin.
Totally Awesome will get more grime off, but still isn’t going to make the pony perfect. You can skip the cleanser if you want, but I find it’s better at getting certain marks off than sponge alone.
Please watch children if you let them use the melamine sponges. They tend to leave residue/dust on everything, and you don’t want your child to get that into their mouth, nose, or eyes.
And here’s after a light scrubbing with the melamine sponge:
I like to tear up my sponges into cubes so I’m not burning through the whole thing as quickly.
Sponge the whole body being gentle around painted areas, and rinse as shown in Stage 1, avoiding water getting into the body as much as possible.
Use the metal comb to tame her hair, and she’ll look like this:
Stage 3: Getting Serious
Some marks, like nail polish, won’t come off with the melamine sponge. It’s best to carefully swab small marks with pure acetone. Do not get acetone on the painted areas. Also acetone can discolor the vinyl if the vinyl happens to be unstable. Use acetone with caution.
Blossom ended up needing the inside of her body cleaned out, too. That’s a whole other mess that will not be covered here and is why her head is off.
To get the hair nice, you’ll need a nit or flea comb. I really like this one by Safari.
After detangling well with the metal toothed comb, go over it again a few times with the flea/nit comb. It’ll look and feel a lot better at this point. This is a good time to trim up any too-long hairs.
Stage 4: Display Ready, if not perfect (because I’m terrible at curling hair….)
So now we’re getting into the hair magic part. We want glossy, smooth, shiny, display ready hair that’s still 100% play safe. At least, I do. I’m really stuck on that need to remain play safe.
Slather the pony’s hair in whatever hair conditioner you like. Choose a scent you like, or unscented, it doesn’t matter.
Some folks like to use fabric softener, but you should not submerge a pony. Using a cream conditioner is easier. I personally don’t like to use fabric softener; it’s waxy.
Do your best to NOT get much conditioner on the body. I have had drops of conditioner bleach out the colorant a time or two on unstable vinyl. If you do get some on, just wipe it off. A thin layer doesn’t seem to be a problem.
Let her sit a while, then rinse as before.
Comb again with the flea/nit comb, nice and smooth. Blossom did not need her hair flat ironed. I also like to trim up any uneven areas at this time.
Now you can stop there, but I do like to put a little curl at the end of the tail, and a gentle curve in the mane. Obviously this doesn’t return the pony to it’s factory hairstyle in most cases, and it’s more needed after a flat ironing than anything.
To do this, I use cellophane tape, paper towels, a gallon zipper bag, boiling water, a towel, and a large bowl.
Cut a few strips of paper towel. One about the width of her lower leg, one about the width of her neck, and a narrow one if your pony has a forelock.
Comb the mane again, and carefully wrap it around the pony’s neck as smoothly as possible.
Wrap the wider strip of paper towel around her neck, covering her hair and tape it to itself. Then smooth the forelock down.
Lay the narrow strip over the forelock and tape it to the neck strip. Try not to get any tape on your pony. (These photos are a little out of order, bear with me.)
To lightly curl the tail, I comb it out well and wrap it around and around her back leg not too tightly, then cover that with the leg-width strip of paper towel and tape it. To be sure the ends are laying smoothly, rotate the paper towel a few tics in the direction you wrapped the hair.
She’ll look like she’s had an accident.
Then throw her in the zipper bag, the bag into the bowl (making sure the top is open AND out of the water, fill the bowl with boiling water, and throw a towel over top to trap the heat.
All of these ponies went into the same bag.
Let the water cool completely before removing the ponies and unwrapping them, and you get this:
I generally skip ahead to the most finished and most quickly method that works best for each individual pony. What they need varies depending on their condition.
i dont think i posted these but here i made a little frog pattern to make tiny frog toys with my grandma
this is the first lil guy I made while still learning how i should sew it
AAA ok so a lot of people have been asking for the pattern to this, tho I’ve been using just these two little papers to do the cut outs lol
i tried my best to translate it into digital so that people get a bit more accurate look at them. Tho bear with me I’ve never done an actual pattern design sheet before!
so basically my hope is that anyone could print these out to any size of their choosing and get the same result, but ive never tried anything larger than approx. 3 inches with these sooo idk if you try it tag me!
the goal is to sew the backs together to the lines at the tip of the head to the middle of the butt. then leaving a space along the belly piece near the butt end and sewing from one side of the butt including all the legs and the “mouth” to the other side with its legs to get back to the butt. if that makes sense
i usually pause sewing up the body once the head is fully sewn together,, usually after ive sewn both arms and ill yank it inside out where ill start sewing on the little poofball eyes so i know theyre in a good place, then resuming the body, and then pulling the whole thing inside out and pushing out the tips of the limbs with a skinny blunt object like a dull pencil until i can see the stitches. if you attempt this piece definitely make sure you stitch up the arm and leg crevices very well!!!!
then just stuff the lad and sew up his back end and its done :)
one suggestion for fabric is always try to use a stretchy soft fleecy fabric with these because its much easier if mistakes are made during sewing and to hold the ROUND shape better
Overall its a very good use of scraps if you’ve accumulated a lot and don’t know what to do with them 👍👍
There are always new doll customizers out there asking questions about things like rerooting, and this is the method I’ve used as long as my hands would let me.
(the white blocks are where I had written notes and covered over them for sharing online)
This is also my preferred method for rerooting dolls that would be played with, because it’s very stable but doesn’t take as long as the knot method.
When someone asked about rerooting yesterday it got me thinking about this kit that I had bought in 2003. I realized I’m still using the same tools. Same rooting tool handle, I’m still on the second needle that came in the kit, same gator clips, same spool of Spider Wire (though I can’t find it now, it probably has a long unfinished doll head clipped to it somewhere), same hemostat.
These days, I’m stuck with tension/punch method which I don’t like for various reasons that I’m not going to get into because this would turn into an encyclopedia, but it works in a pinch. I wouldn’t be able to reroot at all otherwise. My hands hurt too much for anything else anymore.
It’s getting late outside, the evening turning dark, cold, and lonely. But inside your library it’s warm, cozy, and full of life. You see many people tucked away in corners and between tall stack of books, curled up with the fluffy pillows and blankets available to everyone who comes in. Others are gathered in front of the fireplace, playing board games, doing puzzles, and discussing books, ideas, life, and anything else they can think of. The old cat struts around, demanding head pats from people then quickly becoming satisfied and leaving to perch atop a shelf and gaze down smugly at everyone. Some people protest at the cat’s absence and you think maybe you should look at adopting more. For now though, you offer a plate of freshly baked cookies instead, and what is missing is soon forgotten in what is there. You are surrounded by warmth, love, and community. This is your home. You feel at peace.
Hey fun fact, if you write fuck in the tags your post wont show up in any tag, so uuuuuh heads up
Also fun fact, adding “porn” in your reblog tags (e.g. “history porn” or “fashion porn”) means that those posts won’t show up when you search your own blog.
Wank too. It’s why I changed all my fandom #wank posts to fandom #dramaz posts
….well this is a psa that needs to go around
I tagged one of my drawings as “well mark me down as both scared and horny” and it vanished from the other tags until I removed that so… “horny” too, apparently
One of my comics wasn’t showing up in tumblr tags until I removed all my tags with the crass language in it. (”shitposting” and “bitch” were the 2 I suspected) Then it conveniently started appearing publicly in the tags.
Oh my god this site really did become catholic
The following tags are (also) no longer searchable:
I love how MGA is now thriving and booming because they employed the “if complaints and controversy arent from the fanbase, then fuck it” mindset everyone should live by when it comes to producing anything for people’s consumption
Mattel’s constant appeal to people who don’t want nor ever will buy their products that were at first high-quality and Name Brand™ famous, has caused them to be now hanging from a thread trying to sell Barbie’s that look more like Barbie knockoffs than knockoff Barbie’s themselves, that have laughable painted-on clothing, low quality hair, cheap looking makeup, and have now had to relly on the surprise toy gimmick from the competition to make sales and keep relevancy on the internet, that should be something to be put marketing and entrepreneur books on how the moment you find the need to downgraded a well selling project is the moment you should pack it up and leave or become the villain, seriously, MGA and Mattel have a history of suing eachother for basically anything they can find, so Mattel admitting defeat and using the surprise toy gimmick to sell Barbie’s which MGA has basically made their brand, is close to something Aang coming to the realization he needs to kill Ozai.
They literally downgraded the Monster High dolls from made to move dolls with articulations from hand to feet, to a piece of plastic with the same movements everyone mocked average Barbies having for decades.
Literally all it took for Mattel to bend the knee and throw an almost decade old doll line down the gutter was a bunch of retired satanic panic weirdo women complaining children would find them scary, spoiler: they didn’t, no child over…actually no child period, not even the majority of toddlers would get scared from 90% of the designs for the og toy line and you can’t prove me otherwise.
And faux activism like “think of their self body image!” while they probably don’t even allow their children to pick their own clothes when they are of the age for that and multiple superficial parents that think a toy will destroy their childrens mental health while they do multiple misjudgements and straight up shitty actions that will do that 100x worse than any weird toy could.
MGA got constant criticism that the Bratz were a bad influence for girls body image, that they were too sexualized and their faces were forcing beauty standards on young girls, they were the first company to surpass Mattel in toy sales in the 2000s.
MGA got constant criticism that the LOL Surprise dolls were a bad influence for girls body image and that they were too sexualized, they set in stone the standards for surprise toys in the mid 2010’s and have sold millions of them world wide and caused that name to be pronounce world-wide by knockoff product street sellers
MGA got constant criticism that the LOL OMG dolls, which are a grown up big sister version of their most famous or special 4 surprise dolls, are a bad influence for girls body image and that they were too sexualized(this time for having a plump and curvatious body…which hundreds of women including the ones who probably complained about it have only with stretch marks and uneveness), they have multiple series of a quartet of designs, you could fill a good size shelve with a one doll of each design of each series
MGA has another ball on their court with the Rainbow High doll line released this year recently that has once again become a trend maker and standard setter.
Dolls that are almost fully posable except for lacking a feet joint, inserted 3D eyes, imbedded highlight on the dolls head following the current make-up trend that no other fashion doll line has done before and have two sets of handsew clothing that has attention to detail such as zippers, functioning laced threads and embroidered details on their garments.
And for how much does all this mumbo jumbo I have zero idea what it means cost? 26.99USD for the main ones and 49.99USD for the last doll which includes everything in the picture, that may sound a like a lot for a doll, but for this much attention to details and innovation? That’s unheard of, not even Barbie had this many accessory list untill now.
MGA is about to become the next Mattel, the new trend maker and standard setter, all because they never cared about criticism that didn’t come from their buyers and fans, while Mattel keep appealing to people who have zero interest in even looking at their products on the toy aisle they don’t even frequent on a monthly basis.
Never change what you make for people that don’t even understand why you like what you are doing to begin with.
@cosmomoore (and anyone else who can use it, of course) here’s a quick scan of the pattern piece guide I scanned and resized and printed in the late 1990s. (I still have the original pattern–it’s Simplicity 8175 from 1987.) The ruler in the lower corner was scanned along with these pieces to doublecheck the print size–the end with 5-6 is the inch side and the other side is the centimeters.
I’m not writing instructions–anyone who has made a few bomber jackets should be able to figure out what to do. A is the front, B is the pocket, C is the back, D is the sleeve, and H is the front facing, all made from the same fabric (woven or knit); E, F, and G are the knit cuff, waistband, and collar
Seam allowance is ¼”/6mm (close to or just under, but try not to let it be larger)
I checked, and this is the pattern size I used to make this
so it’s roomy on Barbie-ish sizes. Since the larger size I had printed of this was literally the exact same pieces: larger, I decided not to scan those. You can make a test jacket from this and decide if you want to adjust things.
This is an ultimate masterlist of many resources that could be helpful for writers. I apologize in advance for any not working links. Check out the ultimate writing resource masterlist here (x) and my “novel” tag here (x).
And lastly for the weekend, my radio active pony. I’m using glow-in-the-dark paint and it’ll have the radiation symbol or the symbol for whatever radioactive chemical glows green for the cutie mark. Not sure if it’ll be a boy or girl but I’ll figure it out after the hair is put in.
Doesn’t feel like I did much this weekend but it was a lot of time consuming drying so I did a lot of cleaning in my room while waiting.
You think I’d learn not to use sharpie markers on vinyl heads but nope! I tried again and of course it bleeds.
Well, this time I painted over the eyes and lips. It didn’t turn out half bad 😃 I’m getting better at symmetrical thing lol. I kept the eyebrows alone though. It was hard keeping her hair from the eyes, I wasn’t going to bother with the eyebrows. Kind of looks like a tattoo she didn’t take care of when healing.
I got tired of never seeing love stories that reminded me of myself. so I made one. for myself.
can y’all stop reblogging this/responding to this with “this is so unrealistic?” I literally made it because it reminds me of myself and my relationship, and I see a handful of people saying that it reminds them of themselves and their relationships. I know being trans/queer can make dating and finding love seem impossible, but part of that is because nobody is making media about us and our relationships, hence why I drew this.
My partner loves me for who I am, but more importantly I love me for who I am, queer as fuck, and I know that if he didn’t respect me the way I wanted him to, there are literally so many good people in the world who would. I am perfect and lovable and valuable not in spite of being queer but because of it, and so are you.
I would react the same way your boyfriend would if I ever had a partner. I absolutely love this :)
I have also learned this is great for [PICK A COOL NAME FOR A SHIP] and [LOOK UP THE FACTS ABOUT OXYGEN LEVELS] and [WHAT’S THE WORD] and [DOUBLECHECK CHARACTER’S EYE COLOR] and ALL KINDS OF THINGS.
Anything that isn’t critical in the moment, and could be filled in later while I’m currently trying to burn through writing pages that will be lost if I don’t get them out right now? Brackets.
This is good for research essays too! Esp like confirming citations and double checking facts!
This is also a really good habit for editing- use a symbol like brackets you wouldn’t otherwise use in the text, so you can easily find areas that still need to be written later. Especially helpful writing online with search and find features.
AO3 has reached 25,000 fandoms! To celebrate, we’ve put together info about fandom tags and how all tags work: https://goo.gl/W4wPxH
Hey folks who use AO3 - please read and reblog widely. In addition to the celebration of our 25,000th canonical fandom, this post contains some great tips for making our tagging system work for you.
As a Support Staffer and Tag Wrangler for AO3, I beg you:
Among the tips:
Separate your / and & ships / is for romantic and/or sexual
relationships. & is for platonic relationships only – ones that are
neither sexual nor romantic. (Pre- and Post-Relationship are still /.)
& was created for those Gen fans who don’t want anything
non-platonic in the ships they’re searching for. You can help both Gen
fans and shippers by carefully choosing the tag that matches your work!
Look, I know you’re writing a slow burn where the friendship aspect of the relationship is important. I applaud that; I love it in my romantic pairings. But it’s a /, not a &. Please save & for those of us who want to find the three truly and purely gen fics for a popular romantic ship.
Folks, I LOVE AO3, please read and share!
As someone relatively new to using AO3, I did not really realise this. *goes back to check tags* THANK YOU FOR SHARING THIS.
Get your fluffiest fur ready! Because the new free pattern is for these puffy hedgehogs! 🦔 https://cholyknight.com/2020/03/06/hedgehog-plush/ They have a pudgy round body shape that’s smooth on the front and extra furry on the back! They’re perfect for using any special faux fur you might have and they sew up super quick if you have some experience with fur. Like usual, included are both applique templates for the eyes and nose as well as embroidery files that fit 4" x 4" hoops too. As you can see, I’m tucking into that long list of requests and survey results I have! Thank you everyone that participated! Like all of my other free patterns, this one is available to everyone for all time! You’re also welcome to sell items you’ve sewn with the pattern – though a credit back to me is much appreciated ^_^ I hope you all like it! 🌟
Okay but after seeing this I started doing it too and it’s amazing how many men I’ve run into bc they expected me to move
Gotta try it
I work (and walk) on a college campus. I’ve lost count of how many men I’ve smacked shoulders with.
Recently, I was standing outside my son’s classroom waiting to talk to his teacher. I stood on one side of the hallway, not even close to the center. At some point, a man came walking along. I was standing right in his path, but the hallway was empty, so I logically expected him to swerve around me. Instead he kept walking right toward me, got to me, and stopped, as if waiting for me to get out of his way. I didn’t; I just smiled politely at him. He finally walked around me, clearly annoyed that I hadn’t leapt out of his manly path.
Now I’m wishing I’d leapt aside, taken off my jacket and laid it on the floor before him, then bowed deeply and said, “My Liege!”
I also work at a college campus. I smack shoulders sometimes, but I find that if I stare straight ahead and follow the advice below, people get the heck out of the way.
Honestly this post changed how I carry myself when walking alone in public, or in a situation where I’m the one leading. People definitely move for the murder gaze.
Confirmed. I once had to rush back inside a convention hall as the con was closing in order to a retrieve a sick friend’s medication, and I didn’t understand why people in the crowd were jumping out of my way (literally—one guy vaulted a table) until I realized I was dressed as the Winter Soldier and doing the Murder Walk because that’s just how I walk in those boots. I got the meds, got out, and made a mental note.
I repeated the experiment later, wearing the boots but otherwise my usual clothing and mimicking the expression I thought I’d had at that moment. People parted like I was Charlton Heston.
I now wear that style of boots whenever possible. I recently had a man do a double-take as I walked by and ask me, politely, where I had served because I “looked like a soldier.” I’m not current or former military. I was wearing a flowy purple peasant top and looked as un-soldierlike as possible.
Moral of the story: wear comfortable shoes, square your shoulders, and walk like you’ve been sent to murder Captain America.
WALK LIKE YOU’VE BEEN SENT TO MURDER CAPTAIN AMERICA
It’s called the Murder Strut.
IT’S BACK!!!!!! I was searching for this to show my daughter the other day and couldn’t find it. I’m so glad IT’S BACK!! I will always reblog the Murder Strut!!
A guy on a bike went around me because he could tell I had no intention of moving. Thanks to this post.
One day and I bumped into a guy while doing the Murder Strut and he apologized to me even though I was the one who had bumped into him.
It works wonders.
In case you were wondering, yes you can do this in a wheelchair. Same look in your eyes and let ‘em know you will run them down. Just picture yourself in a sports car accelerating towards someone with the intention of flattening them.
If there’s anything more satisfying than watching Abled men leap out of my way when they realize I’m not moving for them, I can’t think of it atm.
Walk like you’ve been sent to murder Captain America.
Wheel like you’re gonna win the Indy 500 and don’t care how.
Your crutches are short swords; walk like you can see them buried in the bodies of anyone who crosses (in front of) you.
Tumblr: teaching women how to be Moses and part the fucking Red Sea with the power of their minds.
I had never seen these updates to the Patriarchy Chicken Game before and they are all a goddam DELIGHT
I’ve seen this post before but not with the wheelchair addition and is great cause if you got wheels, use em… Everyone else should move, if they don’t… well sorry for your flattened feet.
It’s not just men. It’s everybody. I can’t tell you how many times I’ll be standing in an aisle at a store looking at something. Not a soul around. Then someone walks into the aisle and expects me to move, instead of them going around me. Entitlement.
I started playing Red Dead Redemption (and bought some nice boots around the same time). Usually i wear shlumpy tennis shoes and shuffle along, moving out of everyone’s way.
When I got the boots (and after playing as a hard assed cowboy for a spell), I took on a newer, more confident walk. People do indeed leap out of my way and Im tickled about it
Short comic, while I work on something bigger on the side. It is
nevertheless a very important topic. A lot of seabirds die because they
eat plastic. They feed their chicks with the waste. It’s really tragic.
We toss out over 80 pounds of textiles each year. These textiles are often made of plastic materials (polyester, nylon), made in unethical conditions, dyed with harsh dyes that often get put into the rivers, etc. Even a single cotton shirt releases carbon emissions and uses tons of water.
So the best thing to prevent the unsustainable growth of the fashion industry is to make sure that your clothing lasts as long as possible. To do so, mending clothing is a must. So here are some resources to help you learn how to do various things, such as sewing a button, to tailoring clothes, or even upcycling old clothing into new styles.
gentle reminder that I do my art for ME!! i am on nobody’s payroll and i have no obligations to cater to ANYONE!!! so fair warning: if you send me negative shit, YOU WILL BE BLOCKED!!i ain’t got time for this bad energy. peace
if someone is making you feel bad or harassed, block/mute them.
your mental health is more important than internet followers
that thing looks ridiculous. Why not just put it in the cabinet above the sink??
Every single finnish person is laughing at you peasants
its a dish drying set up?? im not about to put wet dishes in the cupboard? who does that?
welcome to finland, this exists in every single household in finland
the water is still gonna drip into the bottom of the cabinet??? or onto the dishes below? i would rather let my dishes dry on the counter/above the sink for sure. also i moved to europe this year and lemme tell you i prefer a stack of plates over this vertical bookshelf style arrangement any day, it is annoying as fuck
Did you not notice that there is no bottom shelf? Also it is above the sink so the water won’t drip all over your counter. And I would take water dripping on already wet dishes over them covering all on my counters any day.
It is the exact same thing as the pic in the original post but hidden in a cabinet! :D But whatever question it all you want
things heating up in the adult fandom
You can still stack your plates in the cabinet after they’ve dried, duh
I like the idea of drying cupboards, but first you gotta convince most US house builders that sinks should not be placed under windows.