What gentiles imagine vs. what Jews actually are
Culturally Christian Gentiles: The Judeo-Christian concept of original sin
Culturally Christian Gentiles: The Abrahamic religions’ belief in heaven and hell
Jews: Say what now?
Culturally Christian Gentiles: The Judeo-Christian religions emphasize obedience over asking questions and debating ideas.
Jews: *spit coffee laughing*
I’ve seen some people confused about this:
Judiasm has no concept of original sin, we have mitzvah and averah (good deeds and transgressions. You cannot be born with transgressions you must personally commit them, they are actions).
No concept of heaven or hell, merely a world to come. “A” singular world to come. We do have a sort of, i guess “purgatory” the maximum time spent there before proceeding to the world to come is 11 months
Judaism is founded on fist fighting G-D and debating every aspect of our scriptures (which we have been doing for millennia)
Also! The purgatory concept/world to come are not central to Jewish life in the way that wanting heaven and fearing hell appear to be central to christianity.
Judaism: the purpose of life is to live a good life and perform mitzvot
Christianity: the purpose of life is to go to heaven when you die
literally one time i saw someone say “christianity and judaism are both homophobic bc they say youll burn in hell for being gay” and when i informed them that jews do not believe in hell they didnt know what to say lol
realizing its a several thousand year argument with god is an important concept
argument implies you have a say in it too, not that god yells at you and you just take it obediently without question
this goes so far many modern jews questioning traditionally held statements now say that things like circumcision no longer have a place in today’s world as theyre a barbaric relic of the past, considering theyve long ago stopped animal sacrifices, and to be fair its not like combining meat and cheese on the same sandwich is an affront to god
and god sayeth eat not the shellfish for they are icky
and lo the jews did ask ‘why? what do you have against shrimp? you made them!’
It differs from sect to sect, too. According to a lot of Orthodox Jews, the only reason why we don’t still make sacrifices is that we don’t have a halachically (religiously legal) appropriate temple to do so in. I don’t know why we’re not building one, but I’m in no hurry.
i mean none of us are making sacrifices because we don’t have a temple and we don’t have a temple because the al-aqsa compound is there currently
which honestly saves us from the work of having to find a blemish free red heifer
So, let me get this straight… the entire religion is built around legal loopholes? Is that what I’m gathering here? (Feel free to correct me!)
the religion is built around living in an ethical society per our contract with G-d. but you can’t just have a bunch of words without putting them to use, & understanding them in practice. You know? the contract is a living discussion.
it’s not legal loopholes, because a loophole is often an inadequacy in the law that gets taken advantage of, but these are all built-in, part of our understanding. In this case, we have a contract (covenant), and we’re going to put it to use in every way possible, explore every inch of it, turn it inside out, and apply it to real life examples, define the parameters, argue those definitions, and then survey the conclusions.
I can say “you need to say the evening shema (a prayer) in the evening” but we can’t just say that, we need to explore a bunch of things, like:
when in the evening does this happen? is there a difference between twilight and evening? if we say the evening prayer can be said from the time the priests partake of teruma, then when is that? if it’s the first watch of the evening, how many watches are there? if you were out all night for a wedding, but it’s not yet dawn, is it too late to recite the evening prayer - IN SEVERAL THOUSAND YEARS, KESHA WILL WRITE TIK TOK AND WE’LL NEED TO KNOW WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF PARTYING UNTIL YOU SEE SUNLIGHT. when do they (the priests) ritually bathe in preparation for this? what about when poor people who cannot afford extra candles - do we consider how early they eat an evening meal in order to make sure they can afford the light?
why did we discuss evening prayer before morning prayer? why does torah give us night before day? when is bedtime for most people? can we say the evening prayer until dawn? if yes, people might put off the prayer until dawn, which could lead to laziness or mistakes. also, when is dawn? but more prudently at the moment, when is evening? evening is when the stars are visible, but…how many stars? also, if you are lying alone in a dark house and can’t see the sky, how do you determine if it is too early or too late for your evening shema?
and that is from Talmud, in its hyper-condensed form. That is what we do. It’s not a series of loopholes and ways to weasel out of doing something. nothing gets taken for granted, everything is questioned, debated, discussed until it is understood. and there may be lots of ways to understand.
if someone sees this line of thinking and go “ah, loopholes to get out of it/wiggle away from it,” you are mistaking loopholes for lacework.
….and if Kesha sees sunlight it is too late for her to say her bedtime shema. she should recite morning shema instead.