Women from all fields have joined the production army. Miss Grace Weaver, a civil service worker at the Naval Air Base in Corpus Christi, Texas, and a school teacher before the war, is doing her part for victory along with her brother who is a flying instructor in the Army.
Miss Weaver paints the American insignia on repaired Navy plane wings. August 1942.
Nurses having a smoke in 1947
british nurse posters from ww2
Nurse Ruby Rosser of Grove Park Hospital, 25th of November 1941
Have a joyful friday!
Lepa Svetozara Radić was a Bosnian Serbmember of the Yugoslav Partisans during WWII. She was hanged by the Nazis in February of 1943 at the age of 17. She had been caught after shooting at Nazis. As the noose was tied around her neck, she shouted: “Long live the Communist Party, and partisans! Fight, people, for your freedom! Do not surrender to the evildoers! I will be killed, but there are those who will avenge me!”
In 1951, she was posthumously awarded the Order of the People’s Hero.
ANTIFASCIST PARTISAN II
nachdem wir ein Poster mit einem unbekannten Partisan aus der Sovieunion gedruckt haben, kommt hier, wie versprochen der zweite Teil der Plakat-Reihe. Es erinnert an die jüdischen Partisan_innen in Vilna. Das Bild haben wir einer Orginal-Fotografie von 1944 nachempfunden. Dr. Sara Ginaite ist Autorin des Buches “Resistance and Survival” und hat als 18-jährige Überlebende des Ghettos Kovno mit russischen Partisan_innen in einer jüdischen Partisanen-Einheit bewaffnet gegen die Faschisten gekämpft.
Das Plakat ist auf Karton im A1Format gedruckt ab nächste Woche bei uns im Laden erhältlich!
Sara Ginaite was born in Kovno (now Kaunas), Lithuania, in 1924.
During the first large Aktion of October 1941, the Gestapo selected 9200 Kovno Jews, including over 4000 children, to murder in the nearby Ninth Fort. Sara, then a teenager, survived and joined the Anti-Fascist Fighting Organization (AFO) in 1942. She met and married the charismatic leader of its youth group, Misha Rubinson. Sara and Misha were among the first group of young fighters smuggled out of the Kovno Ghetto to join the Russian partisans in the Rudninkai Forest 50 kilometres away. One of Sara’s assignments was to return to the ghetto to bring out more young people. About 300 were eventually able to join the partisans.
In July 1944, Sara and Misha participated in the liberation of Vilnius and Kovno but were too late to save 90 percent of the Jews, including most of the members of their families, who had been murdered. Only Sara, Misha, Sara’s older sister, Alice, Alice’s husband, and a young niece left hidden with Lithuanians survived the Holocaust.
In spite of still rampant antisemitism, Sara completed her doctoral studies in Political Economics and obtained an appointment as a professor at Vilnius University. There she published studies in her field and on the Holocaust in Lithuania. Her book Resistance and Survival: The Jewish Community in Kaunas, 1941–1944, which was enlarged, translated into English, and published in Toronto, won the Canadian Jewish Book Award for Holocaust History in 2006.
After her husband’s death, Sara joined her two daughters in Canada in 1983. For the next 15 years, she was an Adjunct Professor at York University and lectured widely in Canada, Israel, Europe, and the United States about her World War II experiences.
Ein Buch über Sarahs Leben:
Sara Ginaitė-Rubinsonienė (Ginaite-Rubinson): Resistance and Survival: The Jewish Community in Kaunas, Lituania, 1941–1944. Mosaic Press, Oakville (Ontario) 2005
Sara Ginaite was a Jewish Lithuanian partisan who fought against Nazi occupation during the Second World War.
Ginaite was born in 1924 in Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania. She was educated in a Lithuanian-speaking school, which she was about to graduate from when Nazi Germany invaded the country in 1941. Three of Ginaite’s uncles were killed in the Kaunas Pogrom, a massacre of Jewish people that the Nazi’s encouraged the Lithuanian population to perform. The pogrom resulted in the deaths of 9200 people, almost half of them children. The surviving members of Ginaite’s family were incarcerated in the Kovno Ghetto, along with 40,000 Jewish people.
While living in the ghetto Ginaite joined the Anti-Fascist Fighting Organization (AFO) to take part in the resistance against the Nazis. She began a relationship with their charismatic youth leader, Misha Rubinson, and the two married in 1943. The pair broke out of the Kovno Ghetto that winter, escaping to the Rudninkai Forest where they established a partisan military unit named ‘Death to the Occupiers’.
Ginaite returned to the Kovno Ghetto twice to help others to escape, once disguised as a nurse claiming she was there to escort four sick workers. In 1944 Ginaite and Rubinson took part in the liberation of the Vilna and Kovno ghettos, although by this time 90% of the Jewish populations inside had been killed. Ginaite’s own family were all dead, save for her sister and a young niece.
After the war, Ginaite fought against rampant anti-semitism to become a professor of Political Economics at Vilnius University, where she published award-winning books on the Holocaust in Lithuania. Following her husband’s death in 1983, she moved to Canada to live with her two daughters and continue her academic career.
Erika Szeles was a young soldier and nurse in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. When her photo was taken by a Danish photographer her image graced the covers of several Euopean magazines and she became an international symbol of the revolution.
Szeles was born to Jewish parents in 1941 and raised solely by her mother after her father’s death in a Nazi concentration camp. At age 14 she trained as a cook at the Hotel Béke in Budapest. While her mother was a hardline communist, Szeles had an older boyfriend who converted her to the anti-communist cause.
When Hungary’s revolution against the Soviet Union began on October 23rd 1956, she was 15 years old. When her boyfriend formed a resistance group with some fellow students she chose to join them. She quickly learned how to use a sub-machine gun and fought alongside the group in several skirmishes with Soviet soldiers.
The iconic photo above of Szeles holding her sub-machine gun was taken around November 1st 1956. A few days afterward she was approached by friends who, knowing that Russian divisions were pouring into Hungary, feared for her safety. They argued that she was too young to be fighting and she agreed to put down her gun and to instead serve the resistance as a Red Cross nurse.
On November 8th the resistance group she was with became involved in a heavy firefight with Russian soldiers in the center of Budapest. When a friend of hers was wounded she ran forward to help him. Despite being unarmed and wearing a Red Cross uniform she was gunned down and died instantly. She was buried in the Kerepesi Churchyard in Budapest.
Szeles’s story remained largely unknown for some 50 years, until in 2008 journalists were able to uncover the truth about the young woman from the infamous picture. She is now recognised as a martyr of the Hungarian Revolution.
Erika Szeles, Hungarian revolution, 1956
Operation Greenup (l-r: Hans Wynberg, Maria Hoertnagl, Franz Weber, Anna Niederkircher, & Fred Mayer)
WAAF’s workin with planes