#Canadian history Tumblr posts

  • oldshowbiz
    07.12.2021 - 8 hours ago

    Tommy Douglas is known as the Father of Canadian Healthcare

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  • anatomy-lesson
    13.06.2021 - 5 monts ago

    “Stolen House Found And Arrests Pend,” Toronto Star. June 12, 1931. Page 05. ---- Structure Was Demolished and Rebuilt Miles Away ---- Montreal, June 11 (CP). - The Montreal police found a stolen house today and planned to arrest several persons said to be responsible.

    Alex Deschenes built the house for himself some six years ago,and furnished its four rooms. He left for the United States a year later and when he came back, the furniture had been stolen. Police recovered this and Deschenes again left for the States.

    He came back the other day to find the house missing and tall grass growing where he built it. A search uncovered the house, a mile away. It had been taken down, moved, and put up in its new location.

    #montreal#theft#stolen house#house theft#abandoned hospital#squatters#unusual crime #french canadian immigration to the united states #french canadians#dyi house #great depression in canada #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada
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  • anatomy-lesson
    30.09.2021 - 2 monts ago

    “Pulls Gun, Demands Right To Drink Beer,” Toronto Star. September 29, 1931. Page 02. ---- McDonald Made Himself Unpopular at Two Apartments - Says He Lost $12 ---- A seriously-told story produced a good deal of subdued merriment this morning when Gordon McDonald, a 22-year-old prisoner appeared before Magistrate Jones on a charge of pointing a firearm at Carl Nesbitt while in the complainant’s apartment on Sherbourne St.

    ‘What was going on?’ asked Crown Attorney Malone, ‘Nothing,’ was the monosyllabic reply.

    ‘But something must ave happened?’ ‘He came in with a friend of his.’

    ‘Was it a party?’ asked Mr. Jones. ‘No. There were only two of us. He walked in with half a dozen quarts of beer and pulled a gun saying he was going to drink the beer.’

    ‘Had he been drinking?’ ‘Fighting drunk.’

    The complainant said the gentleman with the gun kept them there for two hours. Nobody attempted to take the gun away.

    ‘Something is not clear. What’s all the mystery? Did he sit down and drink the six quarts all by himself?’ ‘No.’

    Harold Jordan, one of those present, added that the visitor was told that he couldn’t drink the beer there. ‘He was drunk,’ added Jordan.

    A young lady with an apartment at the same address said the intruder called on her, pointed the revolver at her and created a scene. Jordan, the previous witness, she added, struggled with the visitor.

    Taking the witness stand, the prisoner told a blunt story about going to the place to meet a girl. On a previous evening, he claimed, he had lost $2.

    ‘When I spoke about it, she said ‘serves you jolly well right’,’ continued the accused.

    He explained that the gun was an army souvenir from which the magazine had been removed.

    ‘Why did you take it there?’ asked Mr. Malone. ‘To try and get my $12,’ was the reply.

    ‘Why didn’t any of them take the gun, or telephone the police?’ ‘They were too busy drinking up my beer.’

    The young man’s sister thought her brother had been made ‘the goat’ and suggested probation.

    ‘I’ll decide what I’ll do tomorrow,’ announced Mr. Jones.

    ‘No!’ To Magistrate Tinker’s query: ‘Were you here before this year?’ Robert Harding, charged with drunkenness, emited a decisive ‘No!’ But Det. Mulholland of the morality department swore that Harding had been before the court in March and June of the present year. Capt. Bunton of the Salvation Army spoke up: ‘He has three children, your worship. Two drinks of that wine and a man is down for the count.’

    As the prisoner had recently spent a term at the Farm, Magistrate Tinker started him all over again with a $10 fine.

    Addressing a first offender, Mr. Tinker, said: ‘I can’t understand a man who has been out of work some time getting drunk as he finds a job.

    ‘But I don’t start till to-morrow,’ was the prompt reply.

    Silence is Best Plainclothesmen Lynch and Scott in answer to complaints by telephone found three young men, Edwin Bradly, Joseph Caddick, and Thomas Healey, using bad language on Yonge St.

    ‘Swearing terribly,’ said one officer.

    After the young fellows had been asked by Magistrate Tinker to do some more ‘swearing,’ they admitted they had been drinking wine.

    ‘You didn’t hear me swearing, Mr. Lynch,’ said Healeay.

    ‘You were the worst of the lot,’ replied the officer.

    ‘I suppose you are sorry you spoke,’ remarked the magistrate, fining Healey $5 or ten days and remanding the others tll called on for sentence.

    A Kind Witness Magistrate Tinker’s court was temporarily illumined by the kindly thought of the C.P.R. officer who accused Bert McManus of stealing a ride. The prisoner, accompanied by a juvenile brother, was found with an empty bag.

    ‘They told me there was nothing to eat at home, so I went there with the younger lad and found it quite true. I wish your worship would be lenient.’ His worship was.

    ‘Who says that corporations have no souls?’ asked a thoughtful onlooker.

    A Sad Scene In a small room adjoining an undertaker’s parlor, Hyman Rosenberg, Morris Dicket, and Morris Turnophy mournfully shared a bottle of whiskey with six others whose names were not mentioned.

    ‘Was the corpse there?’ asked Crown Attorney Malone. ‘No,’ answered one of the mourners.

    Not even P.C. Turner, who arrived on the sad scene, could answer the question: ‘What could the ninth man’s share be of one bottle of liquor?’

    The two were assessed $10 or 30 days for illegal consumption.

    Stole From the Ex. Up for sentences to-day for stealing $126 from a ticket-seller’s booth at the Exhibition. Edward Chard, employed a year ago, to sell tickets at the Ex., was sent to the Ontario Reformatory for from 3 to 12 months.

    ‘I can’t overlook the fact that he made the key for that booth a year ago and held in readiness for a whole year,’ remarked Magistrate Jones, ‘knowing that only a sheer guess you might be suspended.’

    Accused’s counsel, T. O’Connor, said the sister and brother-in-law were willing to help his client to make restitution.

    ‘While it was done in a somewhat ingenous way, many things are done to-day that are inexplainable,’ added counsel.

    #toronto#police court#home invasion #carrying a revolver #drunken threat #drunk and disorderly #public drunkeness#threatening#theft#stolen tickets #canadian national exhibition #skipping fare #sentenced to prison #ontario reformatory #fines or jail #suspended sentence #great depression in canada #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada
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  • anatomy-lesson
    27.05.2021 - 6 monts ago

    “Gun Toters Scored By Glenn E. Strike,” Ottawa Journal. May 26, 1931. Page 2. ---- Deputy Magistrate to Sternley Suppress Carrying of Pistols ---- Illegal carrying of pistols in the City of Ottawa will be severely handled, it was intimated this morning by Deputy-Magistrate Glenn E. Strike in Police Court, dealing with two men arrested with revolvers in their hip-pockets.

    ‘We have had two cases before this court today of men carrying pistols,’ he announced, ‘and one of them was loaded. It’s a serious offence and is something which is not allowed in this country. If we permit such men to go unpunished, they may appear here again on a more serious charge.’

    Charles Jodoin, one of the men accused of carrying a revolver, was arrested last night by Constable Hepburn, who testified that he followed the accused after receiving numerous complaints that Jodoin had been flourishing the weapon on several occasions. When apprehended Jodoin’s revolver was unloaded. He was remanded till Thursday morning on a plea of guilty.

    Arrested on Saturday evening for street-fighting, George Lutes, 1061 Somerset street, was also charged with carrying a concealed weapon.

    On being taken to the Police Station in the patrol wagon, Lutes was observed by the constable to be fumbling in his pockets, and as he was removed from the vehicle, a .32 calibre weapon loaded in two chambers was found on the seat. There was no other prisoners in the wagon at the time, and the prisoner admitted possession of the gun. He pleaded guilty to both charges and was remanded till Thursday by Deputy Magistrate Glenn E. Strike.

    #ottawa#police court #carrying concealed weapons #carrying a revolver #illegal possession of a firearm #gun control#severe sentencing#street fighting#concealed weapons #armed with a revolver #law and order politics #law and order #great depression in canada #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada #canadian history #criminal code of canada
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  • eyesaremosaics
    06.12.2021 - 20 hours ago

    I’m not Canadian, but my great grandmother was Shoshone (a tribe from Southern California), I think perhaps… inherited trauma was lit up by watching this. Or perhaps it’s just my deep empathy. Perhaps it was my status as a survivor of a long history of sexual abuse. The things these poor indigenous children of Canada were subjected to at these “reform” schools was absolutely horrific.

    Imagine being drugged and kidnapped, stolen from your family walking on your way with your siblings to your grandparents house. Put in this—essentially a prison—where you were beaten and tortured for not speaking English. Raped and molested regularly by the people in authority. A place devoid of love, or any sort of comfort.

    Imagine an older child with you in the institution, taking you under their wing, giving you love and affection (because you were all deprived of it), and watching them be murdered before your very eyes by an orderly. Imagine them being buried in a shallow grave, forgotten to time. Gaslit into believing you imagined it. Repeatedly abused, bullied into submission, until the native culture was thoroughly beaten out of you… and you no longer remember who you were.

    This is a piece of history that needs to be remembered. These stories—no matter how hard to hear—need to be told. The only way there can be healing is to relieve the secrecy. To truly be heard, and remove the shackles of shame. To restore as much as we can of the native people, and preserve their legacy for future generations.

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  • anatomy-lesson
    27.05.2021 - 6 monts ago

    “Is Second of Chinese Family in Medicine,” Ottawa Journal. May 26, 1931. Page 07. --- Special to The Journal KINGSTON, Ont., May 25, 1931 - Wing Y. Yong, Vancouver, is the second member of a Chinese family who in medicine, won the Boak scholarship at Queen’s Medical College. It was given for the highest marks in writing and oral examinations, in third year anatomy. Wing, aged 22, is popular here. His brother, Ross W. Wing, graduated in medicine here in 1924 and is now at Hackett Medical College at Canton, China.

    #kingston ontario#queen's university #queen's medical school #boak scholarship#vancouver#anatomy student#medical student#chinese canadians #chinese immigration to canada #racism in canada #canadian history #great depression in canada
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  • rabbitcruiser
    06.12.2021 - 23 hours ago

    Halifax Explosion on December 6, 1917: A munitions explosion near Halifax, Nova Scotia kills more than 1,900 people in the largest artificial explosion up to that time.

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  • anatomy-lesson
    18.08.2021 - 3 monts ago

    “Malden Barn Raid Admitted By Pair,” Border Cities Star. August 17, 1931. Page 05. ---- Vaid Stewart and Clarence Bayliss, both colored, pleaded guilty in Sandwich Police Court this morning to breaking into the barn of Adwell Roberts, Malden Township farmer, a few days ago, with intent to steal. They were remanded to Thursday for sentence.

    Provincial Officer Farrow related that he was called to the farm home in the early hours of the morning after Roberts had caught Bayliss inside the barn. Stewart got away in the mix-up and after some difficulty was located by police.

    Stewart has a bad name a bad record with police, the office declared.

    #malden township#essex county#police court #break and enter #break in #stealing from a barn #theft#attempted theft #intent to steal #rural canada#rural crime #long criminal record #remand prisoners#black canadians #racism in canada #great depression in canada #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada
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  • anatomy-lesson
    18.08.2021 - 3 monts ago

    “Colored Man Denies Crap Game Lure,” Border Cities Star. August 17, 1931. Page 03. ---- Sylvester Lewis, colored, of 24 Queen street, Toronto, was fined a total of $31.50 in Sandwich police court this morning for operating a dice game at Devonshire race track on Saturday.

    ‘I wasn’t inducin’ no persons, t’all, your worship,’ Lewis argue. He admitted, though, that he had charge of the dice when Provincial Police raided the game.

    Inspector Oliver informed the court that Lewis broke away when he was arrested, and was recaptured after a few minutes’ chase.

    #windsor#race track#craps#dice game#dicing#gambling#illegal gambling #inducement to gambling #regulation of morality #horse racing#resisting arrest #ontario provincial police #great depression in canada #fines and costs #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada #black canadians
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  • yourdailyqueer
    05.12.2021 - 2 days ago

    Wes Funk (deceased)

    Gender: Male

    Sexuality: Gay

    DOB: 18 February 1969

    RIP: 9 October 2015

    Ethnicity: White - Canadian

    Occupation: Writer, poet, presenter

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  • anatomy-lesson
    15.10.2021 - 1 mont ago

    “Would Be Wrecked Goes to Kingston,” Georgetown Herald. October 14, 1931. Page 04. ---- James Young, Tottenham, Sentenced by Magistrate Bull on Friday last --- James Young of Tottenham, in Brampton police court on Friday morning last, pleading guilty to a charge of ‘unlawfully removing or displacing a rail or other property of the Canadian Pacific Railway,’ was sentenced to five years’ imprisonment in Kingston Penitentiary by Magistrate L. J. C. Bull.

    Young had previously made a full confession of his crime committed on the evening of Friday, September 18, when he removed 63 spikes holding a rail on the main line of the C.P.R. one mile south of Palgrave. The plates fastening it to adjoining rails were also removed. However, the rail was so tightly wedged in its position that it carried two freight trains and the early passenger train from Saulte Ste. Marie. The engineer on the latter train, noticing the unusual motion of his engine, while passing over the spot had the operator at Bolton order an immediate investigation. Section men found the loosened rail in time to flag the fast train from Vancouver.

    Acting Crown-Attorney Lent stressed the possible consequences of Young’s Act, maintaining that it was not his fact that there was not a fearful loss of life. In passing sentence, Magistrate Bull told Young that only the remote doubt of his sanity saved him from the lash/

    The whole occurrence and its court sequel shows the futility of anyone trying to endanger the lives of passengers on this system by any such hideous methods. The apprehension of the guilty party required but little effort on the part of E. A. Conway, Inspector of the C.P.R.’s Department of detectives, who were present during the trial on Friday morning.

    [AL: Young was inmate #2356 at Kingston Penitentiary, and worked in the carpentry shed. A relatively well behaved prisoner, he nonetheless joined the 1932 riot in October, supporting newspapers, more letters, exercise and sports, better treatment, and contact with friends. He was transfer to Collin’s Bay Penitentiary on mid-1933 and paroled in October 1934.]

    #tottenham#brampton#caledon#sabotage #tampering with railways #railway spikes#section hands#railway workers#railway police #canadian pacific railway #sault ste. marie #vancouver #sentenced to the penitentiary #kingston penitentiary #great depression in canada #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada
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  • anatomy-lesson
    01.08.2021 - 4 monts ago

    “Ottawa Man Gets Penitentiary Term,” Ottawa Journal. July 31, 1941. Page 06. ---- PEMBROKE, July 29. - (Staff) - Appearing before Judge J. T. Mulcahy in the county court house here today, Wilfred Lavoie, 31, of Ottawa, was sentenced to four years in Kingston Penitentiary on a charge of breaking and entering.

    Lavoie was taken in custody by Provincial Constable William Johnston, at Killaloe, June 17, after he had broken into a service station owned by Walter Kuehl. On the same day, he also allegedly attempted to break and enter the service station of Mrs. A. Afelski, at Killaloe. A charge was laid in connection with this incident, but was withdrawn by H. B. Johnson, Crown Attorney, today. The car he was driving at the time had been reported stolen from Ottawa.

    Lavoie’s record showed he had started a career of crime at the age of 16, and since that time had served several jail and penitentiary terms. He was released from Stoney Mountain penitentiary, in Manitoba, on June 13 of this year.

    [AL: Lavoie, as #4865, had indeed been transferred to Stoney Mountain Penitentiary in July 1938. As #6656, he was a leader of inmate organizing at Kingston Penitentiary in 1941 and 1942, helping to write and circulate a petition for radio installation and the fulfillment of the Royal Commission’s recommendations. He was released in mid-1945.]

    #pembroke#ottawa #break and enter #breaking and entering #burglar#service station#gas station #attempted break and enter #french canadians#repeat offender#ex-convict #sentenced to the penitentiary #kingston penitentiary #canada during world war 2 #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada
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  • anatomy-lesson
    25.03.2021 - 8 monts ago

    “Montreal Man Sentenced for Theft,” Ottawa Journal. March 24, 1941. Page 14. ---- 5 O’Clock Edition Service. --- Albert Mertin, 26-year-old Montreal laborer, this afternoon was sentenced in Judge Smiley’s Court to serve two years in Kingston Penitentiary.

    He was convicted of the theft April 15, 1940 of a sample case of 36 pair of sox valued at $27 from a car parked on Dalhousie street. The goods were the property of Rufus H. Skinner, salesman for a Toronto textile firm.

    Martin’s accomplice, Louis Laframboise, was sentenced last June to a two-year term following conviction after electing for speedy trial. --/////-- “Au pénitencier,” La Patrie. March 26, 1941. Page 08. ---- OTTAWA, 26. - Trouvé coupable d’avoir volé une malle et vingtaine paires de chaussettes pour hommes d’une valeur de $27, Albert Martin, 26 ans, manoeuvre de Montréal, à été condamné à deux ans de pénitencier. L’accusaton datait du 15 avril, 1940.

    [AL: Martin had been in penitentiary once before, at St. Vincent de Paul Penitentiary in Laval, and had been in the Montreal jail four times. He also used the aliases Armand Larance and Rene Gervais; he claimed never to have worked, and claimed he had no living relatives, but both these claims are apparently untrue. The prison doctor thought he had a ‘psychopathic personality’ though his behavior in the penitentiary does not indicate this at all. Employed in the Stone Cutters at Kingston Penitentiary, he was transferred to the low-security Collin’s Bay prison camp, as #1873, in October 1941. He was released October 1942.]

    #ottawa#montreal#labourer#theft#sample case#stolen socks #stealing from cars #stolen cash#textile firm#french canadians#ex-convict#jailbird #sentenced to the penitentiary #kingston penitentiary #canada during world war 2 #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada
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  • dailyhistoryposts
    04.12.2021 - 2 days ago

    On This Day In History

    December 4th, 1872: The crewless American brigantine Mary Celeste, drifting in the Atlantic, is discovered by the Canadian brig Dei Gratia. The ship has been abandoned for nine days but is only slightly damaged. Her master, Benjamin Briggs, and all nine others known to have been on board are never accounted for.

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  • anatomy-lesson
    19.09.2021 - 2 monts ago

    “Police Link Autos With Two Hold-Ups,” Toronto Star. September 18, 1931. Page 21. ---- Two Plead Guilty to Payroll Robbery - Fifth Sought ---- A dirty black automobile yesterday helped headquarters’ detectives to unravel the Harris Lithographing Co. hold-up on June 12, when Everett P. Grant, accountant for the firm was robbed of $2,400.

    Yesterday, Lindsay Weeks, 25, of Clinton Place, was arrested by Detective-Sergeants McConnell and Waterhouse and Acting Detectives John Atkinson and MacCracken, and with Leo Halsall, 21, of Earnbridge Ave., who was arrested a week ago in connection with the Dominion Grocery store hold-up on Sept. 6, was charged with armed robbery.

    Weeks and Halsall appeared before Magistrate Browne in police court yesterday and pleaded guilty to holding up Grant.

    Police say the same crowd involved in the Harris Co. hold-up became emboldened and pulled another store hold-up at 1178 Queen St., in which the same dirty old touring car was used. George McIntosh and Evelyn White, were arrested with Halsall on the Dominion Store hold-up.

    Police are also seeking Frank Sheehan, 44, on a charge of complicity in the robbery.

    #toronto #hold up men #hold up#armed robbery#armed robbers#canadian veterans#war wounded #harris lithograph payroll robbery #payroll robbery#gun moll#wanted criminals#police court #great depression in canada #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada
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  • anatomy-lesson
    19.09.2021 - 2 monts ago

    “Candy Is Poisoned But Family Escapes,” Toronto Star. September 18, 1931. Page 01. ----- Chocolate Bars Found by Boy Arouses Mother’s Suspicions ---- Special to The Star Regina, Sept. 18. - A returned soldier and his six young children escaped death from poison as the result of a suspicion by the wife that some chocolate bars had been tampered with.

    Fred, aged seven, found seven chocolate bars at the rear door of his home. He took them to his mother. A green substance like paris green was noticed in them.

    Walter J. Cook, the father, has police working on the case. He denies having any enemies or engaging in any dispute recently.

    #regina#poison#poisoned candy#attempted poisoning#chocolate bars#returned soldiers#canadian veterans#police investigation #great depression in canada #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada
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  • anatomy-lesson
    25.09.2021 - 2 monts ago

    “Gunmen Must Serve 12 Years In Kingston, Girl Goes To Mercer,” Toronto Star. September 24, 1931. Page 1, 2 & 3. ---- Weeks and Halsall to Get Strapping as Well for $2,600 Robbery ---- TWO ARE REMANDED --- Evelyn White Gets One to Three Years for Robbery of Store Manager ---- Sentences of twelve years in Kingston penitentiary and ten strokes of the strap were given Lindsay Weeks and Leo Halsall, following their plea of guilty a week ago before Magistrate Browne to the robbery of the Harris Lithographing Co. payroll of $2,600.

    Evelyn ‘Bubbles’ White, accomplice of Halsall and George McIntosh in the robbery of the branch of the Dominion store at 1378 Queen St. W., was sentenced to one year at the Mercer reformatory, plus an additional term of two years less one day. McIntosh was to-day remanded a week, while Frank Sheehan, who surrendered to Detective Tinsley at the corner of Niagara and Richmond Sts. for his share in the Harris Lithograph hold-up was also remanded for a week.

    Solving of the Harris Lithographing hold-up came as a result of the arrest of the White woman and her two male companions for the Dominion Store robbery. In the store robbery Detective Atkinson and Detective-Sergt. Walter McConnell learned that an automobile similar to that used in the Harris robbery had been driven by the men and woman who induced Manager Reid to open up after he had closed for the night.

    While examining Halsall and McIntosh on this point, police secured the admission they had robbed Everett Grant, paymaster of the Harris Lithographing Company and also learned that Weeks and Sheehan were involved.

    By leaving his home and spending his time in a furnished room Sheehan, a partially blind war veteran, succeeded in eluding police. Early today, however, he called the police department and asked for Detective Tinsley.

    ‘If you come to the corner of Niagara and Richmond St.s alone I will give myself up,’ he told the officer. Tinsley agreed and a short time later Sheehan was in custody.

    Chloroformed Grant’s story was to the effect that on June 12 last, he left the Imperial Bank at 1.20 with a payroll of $2,600. En route to Wellington St. a man jumped on the board on his car, pointed a revolver, ordered him to stop, and two other men piled in. He was put in the back seat.

    ‘Who had the gun?’ asked Crown Attorney McFadden.

    ‘I’m not sure,’ replied Grant.

    After taking the payroll, they then chloroformed the accountant and after a long ride, occupying nearly two hours, they then left Grant in the car, their departure being impressed upon him by four violent blows upon the head. His car was left on Isabel St. He recalled threats to burn holes into him if he moved.

    Dect.-Sergt. Waterhouse added that still another man, said to be Francis Sheehan, surrendering this morning deliberately stalled the car. In statements to the police, admissions were made by the accused. Halsall had a record, having been in prison for theft and conspiracy. The payroll was divided between four men. A bottle which had contained chloroform, was found in the rear of the car. Weeks, too, had been convicted before for shopbreaking and theft.

    Dr. McGee stated that Grant had ragged lacerations on the head and was bleeding profusely when brought to the hospital. He detected the odor of chloroform.

    Woman Decoy On second charge, alleged that Halsall, George McIntosh, and Evelyn White had robbed a Dominion Store, Queen St. W., Sept. 6. After locking up, Mr. Reid, the manager, counting the money, heard someone at the door. The women, White, was there, a demur figure dressed in black. She’d forgotten a bottle of ketchip she said. He let her in. Instantly, McIntosh appeared, ordered ‘hands up’ and kept the clerk standing downstairs while the girl gathered up the cash, calling out later, ‘O,K.,’ a signal for her male partner to release his victim.

    All sorts of threats kept the poor clerk in a state of terror. The gun looked like business. He said he had known Halsall as a customer.

    Passing sentence, Magistrate Browne said:

    ‘The penalty for the offences to which you have pleaded guilty is life imprisonment and whipping. These crimes were most vicious, deliberate, and premeditated, and you have every right to be thankful that you are not being sentenced for murder. You gave this man a terrible beating, breaking his head, and then using chloroform.

    ‘Of course, you knew what you were doing when you loaded that revolver, but it is always the same excuse with cowardly bandits, ‘we did not intend to shoot,’ but the fact remains that many honest citizens who ave been courageous enough to defend their properly have been wounded, crippled, or shot to death by criminals of your type. The gangster has no place in any country governed by British law and he certainly has no place in Canada, and criminals in this country or criminals who come here from foreign shores can rest assured that upon violation of our laws they will receive the penalty which the law demands.’

    ‘For Wife’s Sake’ Counsel Saunders entered a plea for leniency on behalf of Halsall and Evelyn White.

    ‘For the sake of his wife,’ he said on behalf of Halsall.

    Making the witness stand in his own behalf, Halsall confronted the magistrate who had once shown him mercy.

    ‘I told you then,’ said Mr. Browne, ‘that you would end up in the penitentiary if you didn’t determine to give-up crime.’

    Not Squandered Speaking for the woman, Mr. Saunders said: ‘The money she got from the hold-up was not squandered, but was used to help her mother.’

    ‘She made it easier for crime to be committed. Crimes of this sort, in which women have been used as decoys, have been too prevalent in Toronto,’ remarked Mr. Browne.

    On behalf of McIntosh, A. R. Hassard, K. C., ‘said: ‘I still think he has the making of a decent citizen in him.’

    Image caption: STIFF SENTENCES AND STRAPS FOR ROBBERY - TWO REMANDED (1) George McIntosh, convicted of holding up and robbing Bruce Reid, Dominion Stores, 1178 Queen St. E., of $138, was remanded one week in court to-day. (2) Evelyn White, convicted of armed robbery with McIntosh and Halsall, was sentenced to one year and two years less a day at Mercer Reformatory. (3) Leo Halsall, convicted of holding up Everett Grant, Harris Lithographing paymaster, and stealing $2,600, also on the Dominion Stores count, was sentenced to 12 years plus 10 straps. BOTTOM - Francis J. Sheehan (LEFT) remanded a week, and Lindsay Weeks (RIGHT) 12 years plus 10 straps. Both these last two were in court on the Harris Lithographing payroll robbery charge.

    [AL: Lindsay Weeks (#2435) had been in Burwash Industrial Farm once before, but otherwise had no record. He was 27 at the time of sentence. He appealed his sentence but lost the appeal and was brought to Kingston Penitentiary on December 1, 1931. He received all his lashes in 1931 and 1932. A shirt cutter before incarceration, he was put to work in the tailor shop. He was an active participant in the October 1932 riot, supporting all their collective demands.  He was frustrated to learn that "they had moving pictures here and they were cut out on account of one or two inmates and the rest of the fellows had to suffer.   I do not see why they should be cut out on that account.” He wanted an increase in letters, better food, newspapers, etc. He had a great deal to share about his corporal punishment: “I had lashes – I understand from the fellows sometimes you get them harder than others.  I had five at different times and some fellows like to do as much damage as they can to you… There was one chap who was all cut up.  I only got five at a time.  They don’t do a fellow any good.  If he ever found out who it was who whipped him, it would be just too bad for that person. But we would rather take more straps than more time.” He was transferred to Collin’s Bay Penitentiary in June, 1935, becoming inmate #520, but was reported for fighting with another prisoner and returned to Kingston Penitentiary August 1935 and renumbered as #3946. He was released through earned remission March 1939.

    Leo Halsall (#2349) had been in Guelph and Mimico before. He worked in the Shoe Shop at Kingston Penitentiary and observed first hand brutality against other prisoners as well as being reported several times ‘without warning’ and for asking for instruction on a machine. He was reported December 4, 1931, for trading a book without permission; on January 12, 1932, for talking on sick parade; on July 2, 1932, for fishing a message to another prisoner; on October 5, 1932, for leaving his place of work with other prisoners. Halsall supported the riot of October 1932 vigorously, demanding cigarette papers, more letters, recreation, fresh air, and inmate representation. He followed the lead of another prisoner, Noel Charron, in launching the strike in the shoe shop and threw stones at the Chief Keeper during the riot, claiming he would “show him what respect means!” After the riot, he was reported on January 12, 1933, for letting convicts out of their cells, several times in April 1933 for refusing to return to his cells, on June 23 for fishing with convict #1628 John Evans, and on July 23-24 for being drunk on home-brew and launching an attack on a suspected ‘rat’. He was tried with other convicts as an ‘active rioter’ and was moved to segregation in February 1933, to be isolated from the rest of the inmate population. He was moved to the Change Room after being returned in early 1934 to the main prison. He took part in a strike in May 1934, and was implicated in the fire of May 15, 1934. He was eventually released August 1939.]

    #toronto #hold up men #hold up#armed robbery#armed robbers#canadian veterans#war wounded #harris lithograph payroll robbery #payroll robbery#gun moll #sentenced to the penitentiary #kingston penitentiary #sentenced to be lashed #corporal punishment #sentenced to prison #mercer reformatory #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada
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  • clove-pinks
    02.12.2021 - 4 days ago

    The "War of 1812 Scented Candle", complete with miniature White House near the wick, is, I cannot emphasise this enough, AN ACTUAL REAL PRODUCT THAT YOU CAN BUY (even if it's currently sold out).

    The candle is funny enough by itself, but the ad copy on the maker's website is gold (and surprisingly astute):

    It goes on to add:

    We should also note that even though the British Army DID burn Washington, it was only after Americans had burned and looted the capital of Canada, as well as a bunch of other Canadian cities. But no one ever makes a candle about that! (Including us.)


    #andr*w j*ckson (ugh) #how i hate him #and the bad choice of national anthem #war of 1812 #us history #that time we made the british empire look like the good guys #scented candles#military history #i'm probably this close to starting a war of 1812 fight on my post #canadian history #i feel compelled to add that yes i know it was upper canada and not the modern nation founded after confederation ET CETERA #surprisingly little hostility in the notes but a lot of pedantry
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  • anatomy-lesson
    16.09.2021 - 2 monts ago

    “Twelfth Man Held On Fraud Charges,” Toronto Star. September 15, 1931. Page 01. ---- Further Arrests Pending Over Workmen’s Board Trouble ---- Arrested in Quebec CIty a week ago in connection with the frauds that the crown claims robbed the Ontario government, through the Workmen’s Compensation Board, of $50,000, Albert Vezina arrived in Toronto to-day in charge of Sergt. E. Hand, provincial police. Charged with obtaining money by fraud, Vezina appeared in police court and was remanded until tomorrow when a special court will be convened.

    It is stated that three more people will be arrested in Quebec some time to-day.

    The appearance of Vezina makes the twelth person charged, all of French nationality.

    #toronto#quebec city #ville de québec #welfare fraud#workmen's compensation#fraud#faking injuries#french canadians#three rivers#trois-rivières #conspiracy to defraud #criminal conspiracy#remand prisoners #great depression in canada #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada
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  • anatomy-lesson
    18.09.2021 - 2 monts ago

    “Robbed Province of $50,000 In Compensation Swindle,” Toronto Star. September 17, 1931. Page 31. ---- Pleading guilty before Magistrate Browne to-day, seven men and four women were convicted for defrauding the Ontario government through the workmen’s compensation board of $50,000 during the past six years by faking injuries, and with the assistance of medical men received compensation for the alleged injuries. In scathing terms Crown Attorney Snyder denounced the group, all French-Canadians, and lauded the work of Inspector Charles Garnett, who unearthed the fraud. ‘The province owes Inspector Garnett a deep debt of gratitude,’ the crown said. Magistrate Browne stated he would bring the work of the inspector the attention of the attorney general. (1) Leo Couture, Toronto, one year definite and one indefinite in Ontario reformatory; (2) Albertine Couture, Toronto, remanded for sentence and placed on probation (3) Blanche Groulx, Rosemount, Que., probation; (4) Joseph Vezma, Rosemont, Que., 2-year penitentiary; (5) Anathol Groulx, 18 months definite and one year indefinite; (6) Edward Zezina, Quebec City, one year plus one year indefinite; (7) Ross Vezina, Rosemont, Que., probation; (8) Geo. J. Couture, Toronto, ring leader of gang, five years at Kingston Penitentiary, and; (9) Alfred Thivierge, Rosemount, Que., two and a half years at Kingston.

    [AL: George Couture was inmate #2336 at Kingston Penitentiary, kept in cell 4-1-A. He had no previous criminal record, was 39, and married with children. A skilled carpenter, he worked in the carpenter shop at the penitentiary and found the conditions there unbearable: “The machines are very poor and obsolete and it is very dusty. When the big planer is running you cannot see yourself across the room. There should be suction there to take dust out of the room.” He was very frustrated by conditions in general at Kingston Penitentiary: “About the mail – sometimes it is a week and two weeks before they censor the French letters. I do not see any reason why they should not come as fast as the English letters.” Family visits he claimed were poor as "my people come down here and you can only talk to them for a few minutes and the officer is there. I would also like to have a letter every week.” In general, even the cells and basic amenities were poor: “The lights in the cell. It is not strong enough. I want it on until 10 o’clock instead of nine. Would like to have newspapers and cigarette papers and some tobacco – if they don’t give it to us we should be able to buy it. Would like chewing gum. The officers take out their chewing gum [right in front of us] and chew it. If we don’t have it they should not have it either. We are locked up from 4.30 Saturday night until Monday morning at 8 o’clock. No chance to take the air.” He believed strongly that prisoners should be paid for their labour: “We should have at least 5 or 10 cents a day – then when a man is here some years he would go out with a few dollars to get started again.” He took part in the October 17, 1932 riot. He was transferred to Collin’s Bay Penitentiary on February 1, 1933, becoming inmate #503, and was paroled in March 1934. Alfred Thivierge became inmate #2335 at Kingston Penitentiary, and had no previous convictions, was 42, married, with several children. A carpenter by trade as well, he worked in the same shop as his brother-in-law Couture (they both were from Three Rivers) and was kept in cell 18-1-A. He was transferred February 1932 to Collin’s Bay Penitentiary, becoming #350, and was paroled June 1933.  Like Couture, he helped build several buildings at Collin’s Bay during his time there. Joseph Vezma, family friend of the Thivierge-Coutures, was inmate #2334 at Kingston Penitentiary; he had no previous convictions, was 32, married, and was a butcher by trade. He had served, like his friends, in the Canadian Army during the First World War, where he had picked up his trade. He had served on a ship after the war as a cook, as well. He was covered in tattoos: a bird, scroll, the word Canada, crown, initials JV, clasped hands, 2 flags & stars, a crucifix, on his right arm, and on his left arm, a snake wrapped around crossed daggers, initials GLJV, 2 hearts, dagger + scroll, and a  skull with the words words ‘death before dishonour’. He was in cell 4-4-F and worked in the Kitchen. Like Thivierge, he was transferred February 1932 to Collin’s Bay, becoming inmate #349, and was paroled April 1933.]

    #toronto#quebec city #ville de québec #rosemont#trois-rivières#kirkland lake#welfare fraud#workmen's compensation#fraud#faking injuries#french canadians #sentenced to the penitentiary #kingston penitentiary #sentenced to prison #ontario reformatory#mercer reformatory#probation #great depression in canada #crime and punishment in canada #history of crime and punishment in canada #three rivers#montreal #conspiracy to defraud #criminal conspiracy
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