The Life of The Prophet Muhammad(pbuh): The Treaty of Hudaybiyah and Calling the Great States of the World to Islam
Performing Umrah: Part 2
Circumambulating the Kaaba
The Seal of the Prophets was on Qaswa. Abdullah b. Rawaha was holding the bridle of Qaswa. The Companions were waiting for the circumambulation with bare shoulders.
The Prophet went to Hajar al-Aswad (the Black Stone), touched it with his staff, greeting it; then, he kissed the staff. The Companions did the same thing.
In the first three tours of the circumambulation, the Companions walked fast and stately. They completed the first three tours like that.
Abdullah b. b. Rawaha was both circumambulating the Kaaba and reciting poems:
“I start with the name of God, out of whose religion there is no real religion.
I start with the name of God, whose Messenger is Muhammad.
Move out of the way of the Messenger of God; O sons of unbelievers!”
Hazrat Umar did not like this act of Abdullah b. Rawaha. He said,
“O Ibn Rawaha! Will you keep reciting this poem in front of the Messenger of God and in the House of God?”, asking him to stop.
The Messenger of God answered Hazrat Umar instead of his poet: “O Umar! Do not stop him! By God, his words are more effective that shooting arrows at the polytheists.” Then, he turned to Abdullah b. Rawaha and said, “Go on, go on o Ibn Rawaha!” Thereupon Hazrat Umar kept silent.
After a while, the Messenger of God ordered Abdullah b. Rawaha to recite the following prayer: “There is no god but Allah. He is unique; it is He who gave victory to His slave and strength to his soldiers; It is He who defeated the tribes that gathered.”
The Companions started to recite this prayer, which the Messenger of God taught, altogether.
The Astonishment of the Polytheists
The notables of the Quraysh, whose hearts were full of enmity, hatred and jealousy, went to the top of the mountains to watch the Messenger of God and his Companions.
When they saw the Muslims circumambulating the Kaaba three times, they expressed their astonishment by saying, “The fever and malaria of Madinah did not weaken the Muslims. Look at them! Let alone walking, they are running by moving their soldiers.”
After circumambulating the Kaaba seven times, the Prophet performed a two-rakah prayer at Station of Ibrahim; then, he went to Safa Hill to perform sa’y. He rode his camel Qaswa seven times between Safa and Marwa hills. After the sa’y was performed, the Prophet and the Muslims started to sacrifice the animals. The Muslims sacrificed their animals together with the Messenger of God. Khirash b. Umayya, one of the Companions, shaved the head off the Prophet. The Companions had their hair cut, too.
Thus, the dream that the Messenger of God had seen just before the Expedition of Hudaybiyah turned out to be true.
Bilal Recites the Adhan
When umrah was completed, the Messenger of God wanted to enter the inner Kaaba. However, the polytheists did not allow him by saying, “It is not present in our treaty.”
The time for the noon prayer started. The Messenger of God ordered Bilal to go on top of the Kaaba and call the adhan. The Prophet and the Muslims listened to the adhan recited by Bilal with awe and tranquility; meanwhile, the notables of the polytheists seemed very restless and depressed. They uttered very nasty words. Ikrima, the son of Abu Jahl, said, “God blessed Abu Jahl because he did not make him listen what that slaves says.” Safwan b. Umayya, another polytheist said, “Fortunately, God killed my father before he saw all of those events.” Meanwhile, some of them covered their faces without saying anything.
While they were uttering nasty words due to their hatred, enmity and jealousy, the Companions were performing the noon prayer in the presence of God, Lord of the realms.
The Prophet Marries Maymunah
Maymunah, whose real name was “Barra”, was the sister of Umm al-Fadl, the wife of Ibn Abbas, the Prophet’s uncle, and the sister of Asma, the wife of Jafar. She became a widow when her husband died.
Abbas wanted the Prophet to marry her. That is why, he mentioned her name with praise and appreciation whenever he saw the Prophet. When the Messenger of God sett off from Madinah for umrah and stopped at Juhfa, Abbas went to see the Prophet there. He said, “O Messenger of God! Maymunah bint Harith became a widow. Will you marry her?” The Prophet accepted his offer.
The Messenger of God was still in Makkah when Maymunah heard that the Messenger of God accepted to marry her. When she heard the news, she was on her camel. She said, “The camel and everything on it belong to the Messenger of God” Thus, she showed her happiness because she would marry to the Prophet.
Thereupon, Abbas married Maymunah off to the Prophet by receiving four hundred dirhams as mahr.
The Prophet Wants to Stay in Makkah a bit more
It can be said that the Prophet wanted to lighten the tension between him and the Qurayshi polytheists by marrying Maymunah. We see that the Prophet used this as a means of staying there a bit more in order to talk to the Qurayshis. According to the Peace Treaty of Hudaybiyah, the period of time the Prophet was allowed to stay was three days. When three days passed, the Prophet said to the notables of the Quraysh, “If you let me, I want to stay three more days for my wedding and invite you to my wedding feast.” However, the notables of the Quraysh did not accept his offer. They sent a delegate to ask him to leave Makkah.
Meanwhile, Sa’d b. Ubada, one of the notables of Madinah Muslims, was near the Prophet. He could not bear it when the Qurayshi delegates talked harshly against the Messenger of God and said to Suhayl b. Amr, one of the delegates, “This is not your or your father’s land. By God, the Messenger of God (pbuh) will leave here because of the articles of the treaty; you cannot force him to leave otherwise.”
Thereupon, the delegates of the Quraysh kept silent.
The Prophet smiled at this situation.
When the Period of Three Days was Over
The three days determined as the period of staying in Makkah by the Peace Treaty of Hudaybiyah passed.
The Messenger of God, who never broke his promise even with his enemies, had to leave Makkah although he wanted to stay there more because he did not want to break his promise. Actually, in a sense, he was not leaving Makkah; the time to conquer Makkah was approaching. From then on, every day and every hour would approach the conquest of Makkah and the hearts.
During those three days, the Muslims had the opportunity to meet their relatives there. They also had the opportunity to show the beauty, loftiness, grace and elegance of Islamic ethics through their honest acts and attitudes. They also displayed the true Islam and the trueness worthy of Islam to the polytheists in the form of a luminous view. Consequently, a warm interest and a sincere tendency toward Islam arose in the hearts of many people except for the ferocious polytheists. It was as if the hearts of the people were ready to be conquered before the conquest of Makkah.
While the Messenger of God was leaving Makkah with his Companions, he heard a voice calling out “Uncle! Uncle!”
They turned round. It was the voice of Umama, the only daughter of Hamza, “the Master of the Martyrs”. She was living in Makkah. Her voice expressed a desire for help; it was as if she was saying, “Save me from this land of polytheism!” It was as if the whole Makkah asked for help together with this child, calling out, “Do not leave me!”
The Messenger of God, whose heart was like a sea of compassion and mercy, returned, held the hand of this child and took her to Madinah.
The Prophet is in Sarif
After leaving Makkah with his Companions, the Messenger of God stopped at Sarif. He married Maymunah there.
Returning to Madinah
The Prophet left Sarif in the evening and proceeded at night. He arrived in Madinah in the month of Dhulhijjah.
Umama, the daughter of Hamza, is Given to Jafar
When Umama, the daughter of Hamza and Salma bint Umays, was brought to Madinah, a controversy arose.
The Prophet had rendered Zayd b. Haritha and Hamza brothers. Therefore, Zayd stated that he was the guardian of the children of Hamza after Hamza was martyred and said, “I have the right to take care of my brother’s daughter more than anybody else.”
When Jafar heard this, he objected to it: “The maternal aunt is also regarded as the mother. My wife Asma bint Umays is the maternal aunt of Umama. Therefore, I have the right to take care of Umama more than anybody else.”
Hazrat Ali said that she had the right to take care of her more than anybody else, saying, “I took my cousin from among the polytheists and brought her here. You are not as close to her as me as a relative. I have the right to take care of Umama more than you.”
It was up to the Messenger of God to settle the problem.
He said, “O Zayd! You are the friend of God and His Messenger! O Ali! You are my brother and friend! O Jafar! You are the person who resembles me the most in terms of nature and characteristics!” Then, he expressed his decision as follows:
“O Jafar! You have the right to take care of Umama more than the others because you are married to her maternal aunt. A woman cannot marry to a man who is married to her maternal or paternal aunt.”
When the Messenger of God expressed his decision, Jafar stood up suddenly; he started to hop around the Prophet.
When the Messenger of God asked, “O Jafar! What are you doing?”, Jafar answered, “O Messenger of God! The Abyssinians acted like that toward their king when they were happy. The Negus did the same thing when he liked somebody.”