Rail Rolling Stock Repair Workshops | Urbex 05 / 2018 | Objekt J / Working Zone / Splice 1 z 3
Mars Rover concept by Florent Lebrun
Sir Alexander Mackenzie (or MacKenzie, Scottish Gaelic: Alasdair MacCoinnich; 1764 – 12 March 1820) was a Scottish explorer known for accomplishing the first east to west crossing of America north of Mexico in 1793, which preceded the more famous Lewis and Clark Expedition by 12 years.
The Mackenzie River is named after him, the longest river system in Canada and the second longest in North America. Mackenzie was born in Luskentyre House in Stornoway on Lewis. He was the third of the four children born to Kenneth ‘Corc’ Mackenzie (1731–1780) and his wife Isabella MacIver, from another prominent mercantile family in Stornoway. When only 14 years old, Mackenzie’s father served as an ensign to protect Stornoway during the Jacobite rising of 1745. He later became a merchant and held the tack of Melbost; his grandfather being a younger brother of Murdoch Mackenzie, 6th Laird of Fairburn.
Educated at the same school as Colin Mackenzie, he sailed to New York City with his father to join an uncle, John Mackenzie, in 1774, after his mother died in Scotland. In 1776, during the American War of Independence, his father and uncle resumed their military duties and joined the King’s Royal Regiment of New York as lieutenants. By 1778, for his safety as a son of loyalists, young Mackenzie was either sent, or accompanied by two aunts, to Montreal. By 1779 (a year before his father’s death at Carleton Island]), Mackenzie had a secured apprenticeship with Finlay, Gregory & Co., one of the most influential fur trading companies in Montreal, which was later administered by Archibald Norman McLeod. In 1787, the company merged with the North West Company.
1789 Mackenzie River expedition to the Arctic Ocean.
On behalf of the North West Company, Mackenzie traveled to Lake Athabasca where, in 1788, he was one of the founders of Fort Chipewyan. He had been sent to replace Peter Pond, a partner in the North West Company. From Pond, he learned that the First Nations people understood that the local rivers flowed to the northwest. Acting on this information, he set out by canoe on the river known to the local Dene First Nations people as the Dehcho, (Mackenzie River) on 3 July 1789, following it to its mouth in the hope of finding the Northwest Passage to the Pacific Ocean. As he ended up reaching the Arctic Ocean on 14 July, it is conjectured that he named the river “Disappointment River” as it did not lead to Cook Inlet in Alaska as he had expected. The river was later renamed the Mackenzie River in his honor.
1792–93 Peace River expedition to the Pacific Ocean
In 1791, Mackenzie returned to Great Britain to study the new advance in the measurement of longitude. Upon his return to Canada in 1792, he set out once again to find a route to the Pacific. Accompanied by two native guides (one named Cancre), his cousin, Alexander MacKay, six Canadian voyageurs (Joseph Landry, Charles Ducette, Francois Beaulieux, Baptiste Bisson, Francois Courtois, Jacques Beauchamp) and a dog simply referred to as “our dog”, Mackenzie left Fort Chipewyan on 10 October 1792, and traveled via the Pine River to the Peace River. From there he traveled to a fork on the Peace River arriving 1 November where he and his cohorts built a fortification that they resided in over the winter. This later became known as Fort Fork.
Mackenzie left Fort Fork on 9 May 1793, following the route of the Peace River.He crossed the Great Divide and found the upper reaches of the Fraser River, but was warned by the local natives that the Fraser Canyon to the south was unnavigable and populated by belligerent tribes. He was instead directed to follow a grease trail by ascending the West Road River, crossing over the Coast Mountains and descending the Bella Coola River to the sea. He followed this advice and reached the Pacific coast on 20 July 1793, at Bella Coola, British Columbia, on North Bentinck Arm, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean. Having done this, he had completed the first recorded transcontinental crossing of North America north of Mexico, 12 years before Lewis and Clark. He had unknowingly missed meeting George Vancouver at Bella Coola by 48 days.
He had wanted to continue westward out of a desire to reach the open ocean, but was stopped by the hostility of the Heiltsuk people. Hemmed in by Heiltsuk war canoes, he wrote a message on a rock near the water’s edge of Dean Channel, using a reddish paint made of vermilion and bear grease, and turned back east.
The inscription read: “Alex MacKenzie / from Canada / by land / 22d July 1793” (at the time the name Canada was an informal term for the former French territory in what is now southern Quebec and Ontario). The words were later inscribed permanently by surveyors. The site is now Sir Alexander Mackenzie Provincial Park and is designated a First Crossing of North America National Historic Site. In 2016, Mackenzie was named a National Historic Person.
In his journal Mackenzie recorded the Carrier language for the first time.
In 1801 the journals of his exploratory journeys were published. He was knighted for his efforts in the following year and served in the Legislature of Lower Canada for Huntingdon County, from 1804 to 1808.
In 1812 Mackenzie, then aged 48, returned to Scotland, where he married 14-year-old Geddes Mackenzie, heiress of Avoch.
They had two sons and a daughter. Her grandfather, Captain John Mackenzie of Castle Leod (great-grandson of George Mackenzie, 2nd Earl of Seaforth), purchased the estate of Avoch with money left to him by his first cousin and brother-in-law, Admiral George Geddes Mackenzie. Lady Mackenzie’s father was a first cousin of the father of George Simpson, Governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company. The Mackenzies lived between Avoch and London. He died in 1820 of Bright’s disease, at an age of 56 (his exact date of birth unknown). He is buried near Avoch on the Black Isle.
My greatest surprise was the prevalence of Spanish place names and Latinos in the Pacific North West. Initially I thought the Latinos her were simply following the migrant workers route. Further reading however revealed that the Spanish claim to the Pacific North West predates both the Russian and the British. The map shows the extent of Spanish claim and place names.
In the end Spain withdrew from the North Pacific and transferred its claims in the region to the United States in the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819. Today, Spain’s legacy in Alaska and the Pacific Northwest endures as a number of place names, such as Malaspina Glacier, Revillagigedo Island, the towns of Valdez and Cordova, and numerous smaller features.
The history we are not taught in school
A personal Painting of a scifi Biker BRO
St. Louis, Missouri
A Kodak flick of me on my tourist shit (as if I don’t go to the Arch every single day…)
Remember to stay hydrated.
People’s Park, Shanghai, China.
Taken from one of my walks in People’s Park. It was one of the very first cold days this Fall. I’m not quite used to the cold weather yet, since I come from a very tropical place. However, I think I’ve bought enough leggings and stockings to get me through the Winter…. hopefully!
Shot on fujifilm 200.
Amazon’s The Aeronauts is based on the true story of early meteorology and flight. The film re-teams The Theory of Everything co-stars Eddie Redmayne and Felicity Jones. It’s a harrowing adventure high above the clouds that manages to be equally lifeless at any point the film tells the story of life on the ground.
Amelia Wren (Jones) is a balloon pilot who is no stranger to the skies. She flew with her late husband on plenty of flights. So the opportunity to fly on a scientific expedition with James Glaisher (Redmayne) is welcomed. For Glaisher, he hopes to push past the heights previously set by other pilots to document the unknown of what is above us.
Within the balloon, the duo takes on challenges that come from humans facing atmospheric conditions they’ve never seen before. George Steel’s cinematography and sound designer Andy Kennedy’s attention to detail make the experience of watching Wren and Glaisher feel tangible as an audience member. As the balloon starts to ice over, the basket that separates them from a 20,000+ foot fall to their death does as well. The creaks and pops of the equipment draw you in, as does the cool blues and somewhat desaturated hues of the cinematography.
Weaved in between the experience in the sky is the backstory of Wren and Glaisher. These scenes give us context to who they are, how they met, and how the expedition came together but are not interesting enough to keep the viewer engaged. You’re left with a burning desire to get back into the balloon with their present peril instead of on land with their past.
There’s a scene in The Aeronauts in which Glaisher is trying to convince a body of scientists and explorers to allow him to have his own balloon. They laugh in his face and walk out as he pleads for them to hear him out. “Please, please” he clamors. This scene feels fitting for the entire movie. It begs you to hear it out! This is a film about early exploration of the sky above us for goodness sake! Unfortunately, outside of its outstanding visuals, it doesn’t have much to say.
May the exploration begin!
In As Far As The Eye, moving forward on the map costs you time and therefore food. Every choice counts.
Where will you go then? And what will you find?
Follow me on Instagram - Nedonesien
Successful launch yesterday of CRS-19, Dragon is now on its way to the ISS. 🚀
Edited by @spacefidelity
The contributions of female explorers - Courtney Stephens
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Down the volcano we go to the acidic crater lake below. 🌋
#voyagemajor 🌏 🎥 by Andrés Aguilera (@andriu_fpv)
#Science #indonesia #done #dronefpv #fpvracer #discover #world #facts #learning #didyouknow #themoreyouknow #wow #videooftheday #environment #nature #exploration #satisfyingvideos #DiscoverGlobe
(kruger rock trail, estes park)