RENÉ FRANÇOIS GHISLAIN MAGRITTE
On this day of 21st November, René François Ghislain Magritte; (21 November 1898 – 15 August 1967) was born in Lessines, Belgium.
He was a surrealist artist. He became well known for creating a number of witty and thought-provoking images. Often depicting ordinary objects in an unusual context, his work is known for challenging observers' preconditioned perceptions of reality. His imagery has influenced pop art, minimalist art, and conceptual art.
René Magritte was son of Léopold Magritte, and, Régina (née Bertinchamps). Little is known about Magritte's early life.
Magritte's earliest paintings were Impressionistic in style. He studied at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels, under Constant Montald, and from the painter and poster designer Gisbert Combaz. Later he produced paintings influenced by Futurism and by the figurative Cubism of Metzinger.
Magritte produced his first surreal painting, The Lost Jockey (Le jockey perdu), and held his first solo exhibition in Brussels in 1927.
He moved to Paris, and became friends with André Breton, and became involved in the Surrealist group. In 1929 he exhibited at Goemans Gallery in Paris with Salvador Dalí, Jean Arp, de Chirico, Max Ernst, Joan Miró, Picabia, Picasso, and Yves Tanguy.
In 1936 he had his first solo exhibition in the United States at the Julien Levy Gallery in New York, followed by an exposition at the London Gallery in 1938. Notable paintings were, Le Principe du Plaisir (The Pleasure Principle) and La Reproduction Interdite, and Not to Be Reproduced.
In France, Magritte's was showcased including at the Centre Georges Pompidou, In the United States retrospective exhibitions: at the Museum of Modern Art, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
Artists influenced by Magritte's works include John Baldessari, Ed Ruscha, Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, Jan Verdoodt, Martin Kippenberger, Duane Michals, Storm Thorgerson, and Luis Rey.
His works have been frequently adapted or plagiarized in advertisements, posters, book covers, and the like. Examples include album covers for The Jeff Beck Group Alan Hull's, Jackson Browne's, Firesign Theatre's, Styx's, The Grand Illusion rapper Jesse Jagz's, Punch Brothers, Paul Simon, John Cale, Tom Stoppard, and others.
Magritte's imagery has inspired filmmakers like Marcel Mariën, Jean-Luc Godard, Alain Robbe-Grillet, Bernardo Bertolucci, Nicolas Roeg, John Boorman, and Terry Gilliam.
A Street in Brussels has been named Ceci n'est pas une rue (This is not a street).
The Magritte Museum is in Brussels, which displays some 200 original Magritte paintings, drawings, and sculptures including The Return, Scheherazade and, The Empire of Light.
Another museum is located at Rue Esseghem in Brussels in Magritte's former home. A painting, Olympia, was stolen from this museum in 2009 by two armed men but was returned to the museum in 2012 as the thieves were unable to sell it on the black market due to its fame