#foucault Tumblr posts

  • the-chomsky-hash
    25.01.2022 - 2 hours ago

    [A. How are we to explain the resistance to Darwinism, by Cuvier's disciples, if it is true that Cuvier was Darwinism's condition of possibility? - cont'd]

    [2. We can contrast the Darwin-Cuvier opposition and the function of relay between discursive formations found in the constitution of Darwinism through Cuvier’s biology - cont'd]

    [b. This idea that the living is linked to the possibility of dying refers to two possible systems of conditions of existence: internal and external threats - cont'd]

    i. The double articulation of biology through

    physiology, on the one hand

    ecology, on the other

    is contained in the conditions of possibility from the moment one defines the living through

    its conditions of existence

    its possibilities of death

    ii. From then on we see

    ecology, as a science integrable with biology

    physiology, as a science integrable with taxonomy

    The integration

    of anatomo-physiology into taxonomy was achieved by Cuvier

    of ecology into biology was achieved by Darwin

    All this starting from the same epistemological conditions.

    – Michel Foucault, Cuvier’s Situation in the History of Biology, (Discussion: Change and Resistance), Originally published as “La situation de Cuvier dans l’histoire de la biologie,” Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 23, #1 janvier-mars 1970, pp. 63-92. Translated by Lynne Huffer

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  • sibilla27vane
    25.01.2022 - 2 hours ago

    "Non immaginate che si debba essere tristi per essere militanti, anche se quello che si combatte è abominevole. È il legame del desiderio con la realtà a possedere una forza rivoluzionaria"

    Michel Foucault, dalla Prefaz. a L'Anti-Edipo di G. Deleuze e F. Guattari

    __________________________

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  • theoretical-mutant-4734
    25.01.2022 - 3 hours ago

    Read read read read read read read

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  • lovecoreada
    25.01.2022 - 3 hours ago

    imagine people realizing that you shouldn't open convos w people ur interested in by talking about your ex

    #insane #idc if ur ex had a foucault plushie i'm
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  • the-chomsky-hash
    25.01.2022 - 8 hours ago

    [A. How are we to explain the resistance to Darwinism, by Cuvier's disciples, if it is true that Cuvier was Darwinism's condition of possibility? - cont'd]

    [2. We can contrast the Darwin-Cuvier opposition and the function of relay between discursive formations found in the constitution of Darwinism through Cuvier’s biology - cont'd]

    b. In a general way,

    the object of natural history is, in the classical age, an ensemble of differences to be observed

    in the 19th century, the object of biology is that which is capable of living and subject to dying

    This idea that the living is linked to the possibility of dying refers to two possible systems of conditions of existence:

    conditions of existence understood as an internal system, that is, correlations. If you take away its claws, or if you don’t give it teeth that crush, it will die. This is the internal condition of existence, and that implies a biology that articulates itself directly onto anatomo-physiology.

    conditions of existence understood as a threat coming from the milieu or a threat to the individual—of no longer being able to live—if the milieu changes. Biology is articulated through the analysis of the relations between the milieu and the living, that is, through ecology.

    – Michel Foucault, Cuvier’s Situation in the History of Biology, (Discussion: Change and Resistance), Originally published as “La situation de Cuvier dans l’histoire de la biologie,” Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 23, #1 janvier-mars 1970, pp. 63-92. Translated by Lynne Huffer

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  • the-chomsky-hash
    25.01.2022 - 20 hours ago

    [A. How are we to explain the resistance to Darwinism, by Cuvier's disciples, if it is true that Cuvier was Darwinism's condition of possibility? - cont'd]

    2. [Having seen that discursive resistance to concepts or theories can be produced within the same discourse,] we can now [contrast]

    the Darwin-Cuvier opposition

    the function of relay [between discursive formations] found in the constitution of Darwinism through Cuvier’s biology

    a. The concept of condition of existence is, without a doubt, one of the fundamental concepts of biology starting at the beginning of the 19th century.

    i. [But] it does not seem to me to be either superimposable or isomorphic with the concepts of

    influence

    milieu

    as we find them in the natural history of the 18th century. Those notions, in fact,

    were meant to account for an excess of variety

    were concerned with factors of additional diversification

    served to account for the fact that a type could become another

    ii. By contrast, the notion of condition of existence is concerned with the eventual impossibility of an organism continuing to live if it were not as it is and exactly where it is: it refers to that which constitutes the limit between

    life

    death

    – Michel Foucault, Cuvier’s Situation in the History of Biology, (Discussion: Change and Resistance), Originally published as “La situation de Cuvier dans l’histoire de la biologie,” Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 23, #1 janvier-mars 1970, pp. 63-92. Translated by Lynne Huffer

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  • the-chomsky-hash
    24.01.2022 - 1 day ago

    [A. How are we to explain the resistance to Darwinism, by Cuvier's disciples, if it is true that Cuvier was Darwinism's condition of possibility? - cont'd]

    [1. I do not think that, in the historical field, we can give the same status or function to resistance on the conceptual level and "archaeological" resistance situated at the level of discursive formations - cont'd]

    b. [E.g., at the discursive level of resistance, the change in analytic bases from natural history to biology]

    i. On the one hand, this last form of resistance [vis. discursive resistance] may well be more important and more massive, but it does not necessarily bring with it the longest and noisiest polemics

    ii. On the other hand, the first two forms of resistance [vis. conceptual and theoretical restistances] can easily be produced inside the same single discursive formation. [E.g.] I tried to show with regard to Cuvier and Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire how their opposition regarding the criteria for identifying organic segments had the same condition of possibility in the biology they cofounded.

    – Michel Foucault, Cuvier’s Situation in the History of Biology, (Discussion: Change and Resistance), Originally published as “La situation de Cuvier dans l’histoire de la biologie,” Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 23, #1 janvier-mars 1970, pp. 63-92. Translated by Lynne Huffer

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  • fruitjuicedrinker
    24.01.2022 - 1 day ago

    here’s the thing: i simply cannot bring myself to police the way i post or the way i text or the way i look or the way i live just so i’m not “cringe”. i will text five times in a row and i will use social media apps without worrying about engagement and i will wear stupid clothes and makeup and i will breathe and i will journal and i will feel the wet grass under my feet! i will not live a life inside of a panopticon of my own making where i must be both prisoner and guard

    #been reading a lot of foucault recently can u tell
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  • oxymitch
    24.01.2022 - 1 day ago

    Avengers vs X-Men - superhuman olympics style

    The X-Students were left behind at the Avengers Academy by Wolverine to keep them out of the Avengers vs X-Men conflict. However, the X-Students were not thrilled about it as they felt like they had been treated like prisoners since the Avengers Academy staff and students were told that they cannot leave the premises even though they get treated well. Then, Hercules suggests that the Avengers Academy students and the X-Students could have a sparring match by doing their own Olympic games to distract them. 

    Lightspeed and Transonic have an aerial race, whilst Loa allows Mettle to surf once again only this time on earth. Some kids are friendly enough with each other, but Surge and Velocidad in particular are really not happy to be there. Meanwhile, X-23 was glad to see Dust again. 

    - Avengers Academy #29, 2012

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  • frombehindthepen
    24.01.2022 - 1 day ago

    As the Pendulum Swings

    As the Pendulum Swings #Movement #Life #Poetry #Science

    Kym Gordon Moore Life, like science is all about movement. Like a pendulum, we live in various frequencies, commuting physically, spiritually, and mentally. I watched a video last night on the reactionary frequency of Newton’s Cradle by adding more balls at varying lengths. These little balls were simply moving back and forth, yet, something unbelievable happened, as together, at a different…

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  • the-chomsky-hash
    24.01.2022 - 1 day ago

    A. How to explain the resistance to Darwinism, by Cuvier's disciples [...] if it is true that Cuvier was Darwinism's condition of possibility?

    1. I do not think that, in the historical field, we can give the same status or function to

    resistance on the conceptual level

    "archaeological" resistance situated at the level of discursive formations

    a. [E.g.,]

    a concept like that of fixity of species is opposed, term for term, to that of the evolution of species, and as a consequence, can create an obstacle to it

    A theory like that of nature in historical evolution is opposed to that of a nature created once and for all by an all powerful hand and, from this fact, they resist one another

    i. Already these two orders of resistance

    are not the same

    do not function in the same way

    ii. At a third level, that of discursive formations, we can also speak about phenomena of resistance. But they are of a completely different order; they unfold according to very different processes (thus the resistance

    of a natural history, based in the analysis of characters

    to a biology based in the analysis of physiological functions and anatomical structures)

    – Michel Foucault, Cuvier’s Situation in the History of Biology, (Discussion: Change and Resistance), Originally published as “La situation de Cuvier dans l’histoire de la biologie,” Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 23, #1 janvier-mars 1970, pp. 63-92. Translated by Lynne Huffer

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  • the-chomsky-hash
    23.01.2022 - 2 days ago

    [B. Let’s examine now the problem of continuity and how Cuvier fragmented the scale of beings - cont'd]

    [3. Here is a precise example: the way in which Cuvier came to define two genera next to the genus Clio (Hyale and Pneumoderma). What did Cuvier actually do? - cont'd]

    e. [Thus, in Cuvier,]

    there cannot be a unique genus in an order; this is the postulation, and not: there should be an intermediary between two different genera

    one must saturate the order, finally constituting a multiplicity of genera that in fact say what the full reality of the order consists of

    – Michel Foucault, Cuvier’s Situation in the History of Biology, (Discussion: Chemistry and Continuity), Originally published as “La situation de Cuvier dans l’histoire de la biologie,” Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 23, #1 janvier-mars 1970, pp. 63-92. Translated by Lynne Huffer

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  • once-in-a-blue-moon2021
    23.01.2022 - 2 days ago

    NPR-NRC-CAA-DPB: THE ANATOMO-BIO-POLITICAL INTERVENTION WITHIN THE ARCHIPELAGO

    NPR-NRC-CAA-DPB: THE ANATOMO-BIO-POLITICAL INTERVENTION WITHIN THE ARCHIPELAGO

    Posted on 23rd January, 2022 barbed wire fence on the european border DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.29293.72165 License: CC BY 4.0 Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay ⤡ Akhar Bandyopadhyay ⤡ NPR-NRC-CAA-DPB: THE ANATOMO-BIO-POLITICAL INTERVENTION WITHIN THE ARCHIPELAGO VIEW HERE ⤡ @academia.edu NPR-NRC-CAA-DPB: THE ANATOMO-BIO-POLITICAL INTERVENTION WITHIN THE ARCHIPELAGO VIEW HERE ⤡ @researchgate

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  • the-chomsky-hash
    23.01.2022 - 2 days ago

    [B. Let’s examine now the problem of continuity and how Cuvier fragmented the scale of beings - cont'd]

    [3. Here is a precise example: the way in which Cuvier came to define two genera next to the genus Clio (Hyale and Pneumoderma). What did Cuvier actually do? - cont'd]

    d. He will

    not seek out other genera next to the Clio in order to fill in this family that is still empty, or occupied by a genus

    [but rather] look for the Clio’s own character and, doing this, he finds two other animals, the Hyale and the Pneumoderma, who obey the same form. They can constitute a family characterized in this way: free swimming body and distinct head with no other limbs but fins

    – Michel Foucault, Cuvier’s Situation in the History of Biology, (Discussion: Chemistry and Continuity), Originally published as “La situation de Cuvier dans l’histoire de la biologie,” Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 23, #1 janvier-mars 1970, pp. 63-92. Translated by Lynne Huffer

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  • simplelittlevictories
    23.01.2022 - 2 days ago

    “In the serene world of mental illness, modern man no longer communicates with the madman: on one hand, the man of reason delegates the physician to madness, thereby authorizing a relation only through the abstract universality of disease; on the other, the man of madness communicates with society only by the intermediary of an equally abstract reason which is order, physical and moral constraint, the anonymous pressure of the group, the requirements of conformity.”

    #madness and civilization #foucault
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  • forksandstaples
    23.01.2022 - 2 days ago

    my notes regarding the second half of chapter 1 of Foucault’s History of Sex Volume 1 (online reading)

    this is a way for me to draft out my thoughts and connect ideas, redirect me to the main argument of the chapter

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  • the-chomsky-hash
    23.01.2022 - 2 days ago

    [B. Let’s examine now the problem of continuity and how Cuvier fragmented the scale of beings - cont'd]

    [3. Here is a precise example: the way in which Cuvier came to define two genera next to the genus Clio (Hyale and Pneumoderma). What did Cuvier actually do? - cont'd]

    c. We find an animal like the Clio, whose genus is

    neither among the cephalopods

    nor the gasteropods

    As a function of the principle that nature is miserly and generous (

    miserly in the number of forms

    generous in the way it fills in each of these forms

    ), there should well be other genera that must fill in this species with the form that we see appearing in the Clio. This is Cuvier’s heuristic principle.

    – Michel Foucault, Cuvier’s Situation in the History of Biology, (Discussion: Chemistry and Continuity), Originally published as “La situation de Cuvier dans l’histoire de la biologie,” Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 23, #1 janvier-mars 1970, pp. 63-92. Translated by Lynne Huffer

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  • the-chomsky-hash
    22.01.2022 - 3 days ago

    [B. Let’s examine now the problem of continuity and how Cuvier fragmented the scale of beings - cont'd]

    [3. Here is a precise example: the way in which Cuvier came to define two genera next to the genus Clio (Hyale and Pneumoderma). What did Cuvier actually do? - cont'd]

    b. Then, following the principle of the richness of nature, one can affirm that when nature has a form it takes advantage of it by varying it and giving it a certain number of submodels of this general model.

    This is about the continuity

    not of the chain

    nor of a passage from one extremity to the other

    nor of a bridge thrown from one shore of nature to the other

    [but rather] it is simply about a principle of nature filling in the form it has been given. It is the saturation of an order in genera.

    – Michel Foucault, Cuvier’s Situation in the History of Biology, (Discussion: Chemistry and Continuity), Originally published as “La situation de Cuvier dans l’histoire de la biologie,” Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 23, #1 janvier-mars 1970, pp. 63-92. Translated by Lynne Huffer

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  • the-chomsky-hash
    22.01.2022 - 3 days ago

    [B. Let’s examine now the problem of continuity and how Cuvier fragmented the scale of beings - cont'd]

    3. Here is a precise example: the way in which Cuvier came to define two genera next to the genus Clio (Hyale and Pneumoderma). What did Cuvier actually do?

    a. First, a declaration of principle. “It seems that nature has been too fertile to not have created any principle form without successively dressing it in all the accessory details to which it is predisposed.” This text, despite its appearance, does not refer to a continuous chain of beings.

    Cuvier does not affirm that there should necessarily be an intermediary between the gasteropod and the cephalopod. What he says is that there exists a form, that of the Clio, and that this form is single, isolated.

    – Michel Foucault, Cuvier’s Situation in the History of Biology, (Discussion: Chemistry and Continuity), Originally published as “La situation de Cuvier dans l’histoire de la biologie,” Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 23, #1 janvier-mars 1970, pp. 63-92. Translated by Lynne Huffer

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  • the-chomsky-hash
    22.01.2022 - 3 days ago

    [B. Let’s examine now the problem of continuity and how Cuvier fragmented the scale of beings - cont'd]

    [2. The concept of hiatus, as used by Cuvier, plays a role in the three themes of his critique: passage, gradation, and unity of the series - cont'd]

    d. There would be no sense in saying: everything is continuous before Cuvier, everything is discontinuous after him. Classical taxonomy accepted certain forms of discontinuity; and Cuvier, certain forms of continuity. But what is important and should be determined is the very new and particular way in which Cuvier put into play the continuous with the discontinuous.

    – Michel Foucault, Cuvier’s Situation in the History of Biology, (Discussion: Chemistry and Continuity), Originally published as “La situation de Cuvier dans l’histoire de la biologie,” Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 23, #1 janvier-mars 1970, pp. 63-92. Translated by Lynne Huffer

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