Spring - comes from the Old English springan meaning to spring, as it referred to the way plants sprung up out of the ground. Springan came from the Proto-Germanic *sprengan, from the PIE root *spergh, meaning to move or spring. Spring gradually replaced Lencten, which is the source of the word Lent in Christianity.
Summer - comes from the Old English sumor, from the Proto-Germanic *sumaraz, from the PIE root *semh₂-, meaning summer or year.
Autumn - comes from the Middle English autumpne, from the Old French automne, from the Latin autumnus. Autumnus itself has an unknown etymology, though it may have come from the PIE roots *h₃ewǵ- (cold), *h₂sews- (dry as in dry season), or from the Etruscan atune (autumn).
Winter - comes from the Old English winter, from the Proto-Germanic *wintruz, whose origins are unknown.
The History Behind 8 Famous Tongue Twisters
Tongue twisters have been screwing up speaking abilities around the world for centuries. As entertaining as tripping over tricky terms can be, early English twisters were also used to teach pupils proper speech. In a note to teachers in his 1878 book Practical Elocution, J.W. Shoemaker reminded them of the “higher motive” of these confounding sayings: “To The Teacher—While many of the exercises ……
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semantics class is probably the closest i’ll ever get to what i imagine yeshivas are like. perfect mix of actual evidence and vibes-based intuition. arguing over the meanings of words in ways that most frequently have no bearing on how you actually use the language. rising passions the moment the professor makes any sort of claim. the class immediately dividing into factions but also having intense solidarity. the logic vs english as languages similarity to yiddish and hebrew. anyway i fucking love semantics lmao
talking to my roommate about accents and dialects and our first languages and explaining vietnamese pronouns always makes me so unhinged (affectionate)
oh my god ENOUGH Internet Neurodivergentsᵀᴹ hyperfixated on minecraft youtubers or whatever. where are the bitches hyperfixated on precambrian lifeforms and linguistic morphology
Is a language that is based on an alphabet an intelligent design? Can such languages/alphabets come about starting out with not having all letters of finalized version & many words of their finalized versions not yet invented/added to such languages?
(kiss me through the phone)
Apparently not checking my notifications for 3-4 weeks does not in fact mean there weren't any notifications. Shocking.
love to see ppl monologuing abt something online but their premise is completely wrong....
There are two ways to do predicate complement, in languages. One, the method used in Japanese and Tibetan—I believe also Korean and Chinese—is…not to. Instead of saying “the man that/who saw the bear”, you say “the saw-the-bear man”.
The other is to introduce the complement with something like a pronoun. In Modern English and most Romance languages this is a question pronoun (“the man who saw the bear”), in older forms of English it was a demonstrative (“the man that saw the bear”—which is still right, but you would also say “it’s that I want” and even, I think, “that one is that I want”, instead of “that’s what I want”). In German there’s actually a separate complementizer, daß (I don’t know or care if the spelling reform kept the ß), though it derives from das and they also use the question-pronoun kind.
My advice in conlangs is to either go the “no complement” route or the “separate complementizer” route, because a complementizer doing double duty as a pronoun is confusing.
Polyglot Insults: mas tonto que mear de pie; Spanish: “stupider than pissing standing up”
a winnie hess for roxy thebreathmints