Chaotic things which have happened in my history class that sound like they could be a joke, but are not:
•Our teacher told us that Charles I was executed, and some guy said under his breath “F’s in the chat for Chazza”
•”Hitler really was just out there vibing”- on hearing that Hitler rarely turned up to the Reichstag and preferred to instead go to his Alpine Retreat and watch movies in his home cinema
•Refusing to refer to Oliver Cromwell as anything but “Oli Crumble” and his son Richard Cromwell as “Dick Crumble”
•During our break some guy was trying to list all the countries in the world, he shouted “damn I’m missing three from Africa” and another girl shouted back “what about France”
•The really obnoxious guy in our class raised his hand and our teacher sighed and said “Do you really have to speak?”
•We had a 25 minute debate on whether we’d rather live in Stalins Russia or Maos China. The conclusion was; neither.
•Shipping our teacher with Robespierre on account of how much he goes on about how great he is.
•Being shown a picture of the Sans-Culottes killing some people, and on being asked who they were, obnoxious guy goes “the lads out on the town”
•Our teacher asked a guy why he thinks Hitler went ahead with the Night of the Long Knives, guy responds “I don’t know, I’m not Hitler”
•A girl just took out a birthday candle with a cupcake one day and lit it on her desk. We do not know why.
If I think of others I’ll add them
*A few early Anglo-Saxon kings didn’t have portraits on their coins
House of Stuart family tree at the time of King James III’s death in 1756
Prince Rupert of the Rhine (1619 - 1682) Germany and England
17TH CENTURY RELATIONSHIPS
King Charles I of England and Queen Henrietta Maria of France
Their children, King Charles II and Henrietta of England, Duchess D’Orleans
King Louis XIII and Queen Anne of Austria
Their children, King Louis XIV and Philippe Duc D’Orleans
Downfall: Charles I, A Nation Divided; The Story of the White King
To commemorate the battle of Martson Moor, hear is a brief biography of one fallen cavalier - a poodle called Boy.
Bringing back the kickline of queens regnant for International Women’s Day!
Doll of Mary. Queen of Scots from Scotland dated to the 19th Century on display at the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum in Glasgow
The cult of Mary, Queen of Scots, reached a peak in the 19th century with Queen Victoria’s fascination with her. She became a keen collector in any objects or paraphernalia and those wishing to gain her favour gave her gifts of such artefacts. Others gave gifts such as this, based primarily on romantic writings and art from the 19th century.
Photographs taken by myself 2018
The Irish Sword of State dated to 1660 on display at Dublin Castle
The Irish Sword of State is of exceptional historical significance in the story of Ireland’s relationship with the British monarchy and for 261 years this precious object was the symbol of royal power in Ireland. Through its decorations and expense, it was the physical embodiment of the British royal image and represented the authority of the monarch.
The sword was commissioned by King Charles II on the 7th of August 1660 during the Restoration of the Stuart monarchy. It was the centrepiece for royal ceremonies and occasions in Ireland including visits and investitures.
Photographs taken by myself 2017
On the 2nd of December 1586, Parliament found Mary Queen of Scots guilty and agreed on her sentence, to die on the scaffold. She would be beheaded the following year on February. It took more than one stroke to kill her.
Her life as her death was a real tragedy and that is where the fiction always fail. They romanticize her life like it was a fairy tale but it wasn’t.
Orphaned then crowned as a baby and with huge shoes to fill, she was sent to France where she would be safe from the English and after her first husband died, she returned to Scotland where she reconciled her government with the growing Protestant faction and made allies of some, however the network of spies her enemies built, proved too much for her to handle.
She has been judged as recklessly in love or dangerously ambitious and homicidal, conspiring to kill Elizabeth and before that, having a love affair with Bothwell which explains Darnley’s murder.
First of all, Darnley had many enemies and they included the queen and his own circle. And second she was not madly in love with Bothwell, she was surrounded by his forces as she made her way to the capital and she was forced to wed him or else, she would be taken as hostage which is not strange when you read about the history of Scotland and if you feel too tired to look at a history then google her father or read a good book on him. James V was taken hostage by her husband’s grandfather, Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus. But Mary was in more danger because she was a woman and to Bothwell “she was a woman first and a queen second” (Porter).
It was widely talked about how she refused his proposal of marriage once he made it, and how he violated her. But not many people today comprehend what the sixteenth world really was, how people lived and died by this honor culture and how noblewomen -and especially queens!- could lose everything and even be ridiculed if they confessed they were raped.
Mary’s biggest mistake -besides believing that Darnley would accept the position of King Consort and sit quietly while she and her men ran government- was assuming England would help her solve matters in her own country. The minute she stepped into English soil, she became England’s prisoner.
Image: Vanessa Redgrave as Mary, Queen of Scots in Mary, Queen of Scots. A movie that romanticized her life, but still gave a fair portrayal of her rival and most of the players involved in her schemes for and against her.
For more information check out these sources:
1. Mary, Queen of Scots by Antonia Fraser
2. Queen of Scots: The true life of Mary Stuart by John Guy
3. Tudors vs Stewarts by Linda Porter
From Leanda de Lisle with a nod to the White King!
Winchester, historically the seat of kings, was a Royalist city during the Civil War, and when it was taken by the Puritans, the cathedral was an obvious target.
This statue of Charles I took a musket shot to the thigh, and was subsequently taken down and buried on the Isle of Wight for safekeeping, thereby surviving the war (unlike its living counterpart.)
The soldiers went through the building, effacing statues and artefacts they deemed idolatrist and Papist (those not already destroyed in the 16th century Reformation, anyway.)
This casket and five others, now set safely far above any would-be attackers, contained the bones of multiple pre-Norman kings, including Ecgbert, grandfather of Alfred the Great, whose casket is seen here. The soldiers emptied out the bones and used them as ammunition to smash the cathedral’s stained glass windows. Afterwards, people of the town quietly gathered the bones and fragments of glass and hid them in their houses until the restoration of the monarchy eighteen years later. They combined the fragments with plain glass to make the massive window above the western door (in the top photo.)
As for the bones, there was nothing to do but sort them as best they could and put them back in their caskets. There they’ve sat all jumbled up until just recently, when they were sent out to be DNA tested to see if they could be put back together properly, which is where they are now, although the caskets are still on display.
One tomb that survived the war untouched was this one of William of Wykeham, 14th century Bishop of Winchester and Chancellor of England under Edward III and Richard II. This was largely due to the fact that he was the revered founder of nearby Winchester College, which many of both the Reformers and Puritans had attended as boys.